Replacement of fossil fuels by biofuels has been considered an extremely important alternative in the transition process to a economy based in higher proportion of renewable resources in several countries. It is recognized that large-scale production of ethanol, sugar and electricity from sugar cane in Brazil presents environmental, economic and energy security benefits. However, new production routes for sugarcane biorefinery also considering integral use of sugarcane biomass become more and more important for the strategic plans of bioenergy production expansion in Brazil. Extensive studies of the environmental impacts of these new biorefineries are extremely important as the different routes/alternatives for use of lignocellulosic material contained in the sugarcane trash (bagasse and straw) are still not consolidated. These studies will require research, development and innovation internationally competitive and with high scientific and technical levels to ensure sustainable production of the various products from sugarcane biorefinery. In this sense, this research project will contribute to this scientific and technological demand evaluating the environmental impacts of different alternatives/routes for ethanol, co-products and derivatives production in a sugarcane biorefinery including processes for integral use of available biomass. This assessment is based on the integration of Life Cycle Assessment with a simulation platform and will contribute to the constructions of a tool so called "Virtual Sugarcane Biorefinery". (AU)
Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
DE SOUZA DIAS, MARINA OLIVEIRA;
MACIEL FILHO, RUBENS;
MANTELATTO, PAULO EDUARDO;
VAZ ROSSELL, CARLOS EDUARDO;
LIMA VERDE LEAL, MANOEL REGIS.
Sugarcane processing for ethanol and sugar in Brazil.
Web of Science Citations: 53.