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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Strong but permeable barriers to gene exchange between sister species of Epidendrum

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Pinheiro, Fabio ; de Melo E Gouveia, Tiago Manuel Zanfra ; Cozzolino, Salvatore ; Cafasso, Donata ; Cardoso-Gustavson, Poliana ; Suzuki, Rogerio Mamoru ; Palma-Silva, Clarisse
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY; v. 103, n. 8, p. 1472-1482, AUG 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 4

PREMISE OF THE STUDY: The investigation of reproductive barriers between sister species can provide insights into how new lineages arise, and how species integrity is maintained in the face of interspecific gene flow. Different pre- and postzygotic barriers can limit interspecific gene exchange in sympatric populations, and different sources of evidence are often required to investigate the role of multiple reproductive isolation (RI) mechanisms. METHODS: We tested the hypothesis of hybridization and potential introgression between Epidendrum secundum and Epidendrum xanthinum, two Neotropical food-deceptive orchid species, using nuclear and plastid microsatellites, experimental crosses, pollen tube growth observations, and genome size estimates. KEY RESULTS: A large number of hybrids between E. secundum and E. xanthinum were detected, suggesting weak premating barriers. The low fertility of hybrid plants and the absence of haplotype sharing between parental species indicated strong postmating barriers, reducing interspecific gene exchange and the development of advanced generation hybrids. Despite the strength of reproductive barriers, fertile seeds were produced in some backcrossing experiments, and the existence of interspecific gene exchange could not be excluded. CONCLUSIONS: Strong but permeable barriers were found between E. secundum and E. xanthinum. Indeed, haplotype sharing was not detected between parental species, suggesting that introgression is limited by a combination of genic incompatibilities, including negative cytonuclear interactions. Most taxonomic uncertainties in this group were potentially influenced by incomplete RI barriers between species, which mainly occurred sympatrically. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/52725-3 - Speciation, reproductive isolation, and population genetics in species of Bromeliaceae family: implications for taxonomy, evolution and conservation
Grantee:Clarisse Palma da Silva
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/15052-0 - Phylogeography of the species of Epidendrum (Orchidaceae) belonging to the Atlantic clade (subgenus Amphiglottium)
Grantee:Fábio Pinheiro
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 10/19617-0 - Genetic architecture in a sympatric population of Epidendrum secundum and E. xanthinum (Orchidaceae): is hybridization and gene flow occurring between these species?
Grantee:Flávia Marília Cestari Magalhães
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 13/02453-2 - Genetic structure of Epidendrum secundum (Orchidaceae) based on nuclear genetic markers
Grantee:Fábio Pinheiro
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor