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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride-Trifluorethylene)/barium titanate membrane promotes de novo bone formation and may modulate gene expression in osteoporotic rat model

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Scalize, Priscilla Hakime ; Bombonato-Prado, Karina F. ; de Sousa, Luiz Gustavo ; Rosa, Adalberto Luiz ; Beloti, Marcio Mateus ; Semprini, Marisa ; Gimenes, Rossano ; de Almeida, Adriana L. G. ; de Oliveira, Fabiola Singaretti ; Hallak Regalo, Simone Cecilio ; Siessere, Selma
Total Authors: 11
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN MEDICINE; v. 27, n. 12 DEC 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 6
Abstract

Osteoporosis is a chronic disease that impairs proper bone remodeling. Guided bone regeneration is a surgical technique that improves bone defect in a particular region through new bone formation, using barrier materials (e. g. membranes) to protect the space adjacent to the bone defect. The polytetrafluorethylene membrane is widely used in guided bone regeneration, however, new membranes are being investigated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of P(VDFTrFE)/BT {[}poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene)/barium titanate] membrane on in vivo bone formation. Twenty-three Wistar rats were submitted to bilateral ovariectomy. Five animals were subjected to sham surgery. After 150 days, bone defects were created and filled with P(VDF-TrFE)/BT membrane or PTFE membrane (except for the sham and OVX groups). After 4 weeks, the animals were euthanized and calvaria samples were subjected to histomorphometric and computed microtomography analysis (microCT), besides real time polymerase chain reaction (real time PCR) to evaluate gene expression. The histomorphometric analysis showed that the animals that received the P(VDF-TrFE)/BT membrane presented morphometric parameters similar or even better compared to the animals that received the PTFE membrane. The comparison between groups showed that gene expression of RUNX2, BSP, OPN, OSX and RANKL were lower on P(VDF-TrFE)/BT membrane; the gene expression of ALP, OC, RANK and CTSK were similar and the gene expression of OPG, CALCR and MMP9 were higher when compared to PTFE. The results showed that the P(VDFTrFE)/BT membrane favors bone formation, and therefore, may be considered a promising biomaterial to support bone repair in a situation of osteoporosis. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/02984-0 - The effect of poly(vinylidene-trifluoroethylene)/barium titanate composite in the repair of bone defects in calvaria of ovariectomized rats
Grantee:Selma Siéssere
Support type: Regular Research Grants