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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Experimental infection of chickens by a flagellated motile strain of Salmonella enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar Gallinarum

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Lopes, P. D. ; Freitas Neto, O. C. ; Batista, D. F. A. ; Denadai, J. ; Alarcon, M. F. F. ; Almeida, A. M. ; Vasconcelos, R. O. ; Setta, A. ; Barrow, P. A. ; Berchieri Junior, A.
Total Authors: 10
Document type: Journal article
Source: VETERINARY JOURNAL; v. 214, p. 40-46, AUG 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 4

Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar Gallinarum (SG) causes fowl typhoid (FT), a septicaemic disease which can result in high mortality in poultry flocks. The absence of flagella in SG is thought to favour systemic invasion, since bacterial recognition via Toll-like receptor (TLR)-5 does not take place during the early stages of FT. In the present study, chicks susceptible to FT were inoculated with a wild type SG (SG) or its flagellated motile derivative (SG Flat). In experiment 1, mortality and clinical signs were assessed, whereas in experiment 2, gross pathology, histopathology, systemic invasion and immune responses were evaluated. SG Fla(+) infection resulted in later development of clinical signs, lower mortality, lower bacterial numbers in the liver and spleen, and less severe pathological changes compared to SG. The CD8(+) T lymphocyte population was higher in the livers of chicks infected with SG at 4 days post-inoculation (dpi). Chicks infected with SG had increased expression of interleukin (IL)-6 mRNA in the caecal tonsil at 1 dpi and increased expression of IL-18 mRNA in the spleen at 4 dpi. In contrast, the CD4(+)T lymphocyte population was higher at 6 dpi in the livers of birds infected with SG Fla(+). Therefore, flagella appeared to modulate the chicken immune response towards a CD4(+) T profile, resulting in more efficient bacterial clearance from systemic sites and milder infection. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/14763-0 - Pathogeny assessment of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar Gallinarum strains with genes responsible for expression of assets flagella
Grantee:Priscila Diniz Lopes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 11/23483-1 - Salmonella Gallinarum (SG): 1. Sequencing of the genome of the attenuate strain SG "cobS" cbiA and assessment of its gene expression in macrophages. 2. Comparative analysis of SG and S. Pullorum genomes. 3. Assessment of virulence of motile SG strains
Grantee:Angelo Berchieri Junior
Support type: Regular Research Grants