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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Consequences of acute oxidative stress in Leishmania amazonensis: From telomere shortening to the selection of the fittest parasites

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da Silva, Marcelo Santos ; Segatto, Marcela ; Pavani, Raphael Souza ; Gutierrez-Rodrigues, Fernanda ; Bispo, Vanderson da Silva ; Gennari de Medeiros, Marisa Helena ; Calado, Rodrigo Tocantins ; Elias, Maria Carolina ; Nogueira Cano, Maria Isabel
Total Authors: 9
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 7

Leishmaniasis is a spectrum of diseases caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania that affects millions of people around the world. During infection, the parasites use different strategies to survive the host's defenses, including overcoming exposure to reactive oxidant species (ROS), responsible for causing damage to lipids, proteins and DNA. This damage especially affects telomeres, which frequently results in genome instability, senescence and cell death. Telomeres are the physical ends of the chromosomes composed of repetitive DNA coupled with proteins, whose function is to protect the chromosomes termini and avoid end-fusion and nucleolytic degradation. In this work, we induced acute oxidative stress in promastigote forms of Leishmania amazonensis by treating parasites with 2 mM hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for 1 h, which was able to increase intracellular ROS levels. In addition, oxidative stress induced DNA damage, as confirmed by 8-oxodGuo quantification and TUNEL assays and the dissociation of LaRPA-1 from the 3' G-overhang, leading to telomere shortening. Moreover, LaRPA-1 was observed to interact with newly formed C-rich single-stranded telomeric DNA, probably as a consequence of the DNA damage response. Nonetheless, acute oxidative stress caused the death of some of the L. amazonensis population and induced cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase in survivor parasites, which were able to continue proliferating and replicating DNA and became more resistant to oxidative stress. Taken together, these results suggest that adaptation occurs through the selection of the fittest parasites in terms of repairing oxidative DNA damage at telomeres and maintaining genome stability in a stressful environment. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/10580-0 - Characterization of intra-S checkpoint in Trypanosoma cells
Grantee:Maria Carolina Quartim Barbosa Elias Sabbaga
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/07937-8 - Redoxome - Redox Processes in Biomedicine
Grantee:Ohara Augusto
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 14/24170-5 - DNA replication dynamics in Trypanosoma cruzi: licensing and replication rate characterization
Grantee:Marcelo Santos da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/07467-1 - CeTICS - Center of Toxins, Immune-Response and Cell Signaling
Grantee:Hugo Aguirre Armelin
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 14/02978-0 - Functional analysis of RPA complex in Trypanosoma cruzi and its involvement with telomeric DNA
Grantee:Raphael Souza Pavani
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate