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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Automated classification of wood transverse cross-section micro-imagery from 77 commercial Central-African timber species

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da Silva, Nubia Rosa ; de Ridder, Maaike ; Baetens, Jan M. ; Van den Bulcke, Jan ; Rousseau, Melissa ; Bruno, Odemir Martinez ; Beeckman, Hans ; Van Acker, Joris ; De Baets, Bernard
Total Authors: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: ANNALS OF FOREST SCIENCE; v. 74, n. 2 JUN 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 3

Key message Pattern recognition has become an important tool to aid in the identification and classification of timber species. In this context, the focus of this work is the classification of wood species using texture characteristics of transverse cross-section images obtained by microscopy. The results show that this approach is robust and promising. circle Context Considering the lack of automated methods for wood species classification, machine vision based on pattern recognition might offer a feasible and attractive solution because it is less dependent on expert knowledge, while existing databases containing high-quality microscopy images can be exploited. circle Aims This work focuses on the automated classification of 1221 micro-images originating from 77 commercial timber species from the Democratic Republic of Congo. circle Methods Microscopic images of transverse cross-sections of all wood species are taken in a standardized way using a magnification of 25x. The images are represented as texture feature vectors extracted using local phase quantization or local binary patterns and classified by a nearest neighbor classifier according to a triplet of labels ( species, genus, family). circle Results The classification combining both local phase quantization and linear discriminant analysis results in an average success rate of approximately 88% at species level, 89% at genus level and 90% at family level. The success rate of the classification method is remarkably high. More than 50% of the species are never misclassified or only once. The success rate is increasing from the species, over the genus to the family level. Quite often, pattern recognition results can be explained anatomically. Species with a high success rate show diagnostic features in the images used, whereas species with a low success rate often have distinctive anatomical features at other microscopic magnifications or orientations than those used in our approach. circle Conclusion This work demonstrates the potential of a semi-automated classification by resorting to pattern recognition. Semi-automated systems like this could become valuable tools complementing conventional wood identification. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/06208-5 - Image analysis of lignocellulosics
Grantee:Núbia Rosa da Silva
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/21467-9 - Heterogeneous Pattern Recognition and its Applications in Biology and Nanotechnology.
Grantee:Núbia Rosa da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/01523-1 - Computer vision methods applied to the identification and analysis of plants
Grantee:Odemir Martinez Bruno
Support type: Regular Research Grants