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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Parotoid, radial, and tibial macroglands of the frog Odontophrynus cultripes: Differences and similarities with toads

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Mailho-Fontana, Pedro L. ; Antoniazzi, Marta Maria ; Rodrigues, Isabela ; Sciani, Juliana M. ; Pimenta, Daniel Carvalho ; Brodie, Jr., Edmund D. ; Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut ; Jared, Carlos
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: Toxicon; v. 129, p. 123-133, APR 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 7

Anuran integument is characterized by the presence of glands, some of which are responsible for toxin production. In some species these glands accumulate in parts of the body strategically located against predators, forming structures known as macroglands. This is the case for parotoid macroglands, on the dorsum of the head, tibial macroglands, on the rear limbs, and radial macroglands, on the forelimbs of toads and some other anurans. The toad Rhinella jimi, for example, simultaneously displays all three types of macroglands, which is unusual even among bufonids. Interestingly, considering the phylogenetic distance, the frog Odontophrynus cultripes (Odontophrynidae) also presents these three macroglandular types. In this study we analyze the morphology of 0. cultripes macroglands and the chemical composition of their poison using an interdisciplinary approach. In this species, the parotoid, tibial, and radial macroglands consist of aggregates of elongated and juxtaposed poison glands, arranged in a honeycomb style, very similar to that of toads. Comparative analysis of these three macrogland types shows significant differences in both the morphology of secretory granules and biochemical composition. The present work on 0. cultripes contributes to the evidence that amphibians, or at least anurans, share a basic design for all cutaneous glandular accumulations. The determinant factor for macroglandular formation may be the selective pressure for defense against predators. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/00999-3 - Comparative morphology of integument and cutaneous glands of species of toads and salamanders from South America and North America
Grantee:Pedro Luiz Mailho Fontana
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/15334-4 - The skin and the defense of toads (Bufonidae) against predators and desiccation
Grantee:Pedro Luiz Mailho Fontana
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate