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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Genotype and phenotype spectrum of NRAS germline variants

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Altmueller, Franziska ; Lissewski, Christina ; Bertola, Debora ; Flex, Elisabetta ; Stark, Zornitza ; Spranger, Stephanie ; Baynam, Gareth ; Buscarilli, Michelle ; Dyack, Sarah ; Gillis, Jane ; Yntema, Helger G. ; Pantaleoni, Francesca ; van Loon, Rosa L. E. ; MacKay, Sara ; Mina, Kym ; Schanze, Ina ; Tan, Tiong Yang ; Walsh, Maie ; White, Susan M. ; Niewisch, Marena R. ; Garcia-Minaur, Sixto ; Plaza, Diego ; Ahmadian, Mohammad Reza ; Cave, Helene ; Tartaglia, Marco ; Zenker, Martin
Total Authors: 26
Document type: Journal article
Source: European Journal of Human Genetics; v. 25, n. 7, p. 823-831, JUN 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 7
Abstract

RASopathies comprise a group of disorders clinically characterized by short stature, heart defects, facial dysmorphism, and varying degrees of intellectual disability and cancer predisposition. They are caused by germline variants in genes encoding key components or modulators of the highly conserved RAS-MAPK signalling pathway that lead to dysregulation of cell signal transmission. Germline changes in the genes encoding members of the RAS subfamily of GTPases are rare and associated with variable phenotypes of the RASopathy spectrum, ranging from Costello syndrome (HRAS variants) to Noonan and Cardiofaciocutaneous syndromes (KRAS variants). A small number of RASopathy cases with disease-causing germline NRAS alterations have been reported. Affected individuals exhibited features fitting Noonan syndrome, and the observed germline variants differed from the typical oncogenic NRAS changes occurring as somatic events in tumours. Here we describe 19 new cases with RASopathy due to disease-causing variants in NRAS. Importantly, four of them harbored missense changes affecting Gly12, which was previously described to occur exclusively in cancer. The phenotype in our cohort was variable but well within the RASopathy spectrum. Further, one of the patients (c. 35G > A; p.(Gly12Asp)) had a myeloproliferative disorder, and one subject (c. 34G > C; p.(Gly12Arg)) exhibited an uncharacterized brain tumour. With this report, we expand the genotype and phenotype spectrum of RASopathy-associated germline NRAS variants and provide evidence that NRAS variants do not spare the cancer-associated mutation hotspots. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/17299-3 - Clinical and molecular study of patients with Noonan and Noonan-like syndromes: phenotypic characterization and searching for new mutations
Grantee:Débora Romeo Bertola
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/08028-1 - CEGH-CEL - Human Genome and Stem Cell Research Center
Grantee:Mayana Zatz
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC