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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Bacterial short-chain fatty acid metabolites modulate the inflammatory response against infectious bacteria

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Author(s):
Correa, R. O. ; Vieira, A. ; Sernaglia, E. M. ; Lancellotti, M. ; Vieira, A. T. ; Avila-Campos, M. J. ; Rodrigues, H. G. ; Vinolo, M. A. R.
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: Cellular Microbiology; v. 19, n. 7 JUL 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 14
Abstract

Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), predominantly acetic, propionic, and butyric acids, are bacterial metabolites with an important role in the maintenance of homeostasis due to their metabolic and immunomodulatory actions. Some evidence suggests that they may also be relevant during infections. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effects of SCFAs in the effector functions of neutrophils to an opportunistic pathogenic bacterium, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. Using a subcutaneous model to generate a mono, isolated infection of A.actinomycetemcomitans, we demonstrated that the presence of the SCFAs in situ did not affect leukocyte accumulation but altered the effector mechanisms of migrating neutrophils by downregulating the production of cytokines, their phagocytic capacity, and killing the bacteria, thus impairing the containment of A.actinomycetemcomitans. Similar effects were observed with bacteria-stimulated neutrophils incubated with SCFAs in vitro. These effects were independent of free-fatty acid receptor 2 (FFAR2) activation, the main SCFA receptor expressed on neutrophils, occurring possibly through inhibition of histone deacetylases because similar effects were obtained by using histone deacetylase inhibitors, such as SAHA, MS-275, and RGFP 966. Considering the findings of this study, we hypothesized that in an infectious condition, SCFAs may exert a detrimental effect on the host by inhibiting neutrophil's effector functions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/10653-9 - Role of short chain fatty acids and their receptor (GPR43) in the immune response to anaerobic bacteria in vivo and in vitro
Grantee:Marco Aurélio Ramirez Vinolo
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants