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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Virtual Reality simulator for dental anesthesia training in the inferior alveolar nerve block

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Correa, Cleber Gimenez ; Moreira Machado, Maria Aparecida de Andrade ; Ranzini, Edith ; Tori, Romero ; Santos Nunes, Fatima de Lourdes
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science; v. 25, n. 4, p. 357-366, JUL-AUG 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Objectives: This study shows the development and validation of a dental anesthesia-training simulator specically for the inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB). The system developed provides the tactile sensation of inserting a real needle in a human patient, using Virtual Reality (VR) techniques and a haptic device that can provide a perceived force feedback in the needle insertion task during the anesthesia procedure. Material and Methods: To simulate a realistic anesthesia procedure, a Carpule syringe was coupled to a haptic device. The Volere method was used to elicit requirements from users in the Dentistry area; Repeated Measures Two-Way ANOVA (Analysis of Variance), Tukey post-hoc test and averages for the results' analysis. A questionnaire-based subjective evaluation method was applied to collect information about the simulator, and 26 people participated in the experiments (12 beginners, 12 at intermediate level, and 2 experts). The questionnaire included pro le, preferences (number of viewpoints, texture of the objects, and haptic device handler), as well as visual (appearance, scale, and position of objects) and haptic aspects (motion space, tactile sensation, and motion reproduction). Results: The visual aspect was considered appropriate and the haptic feedback must be improved, which the users can do by calibrating the virtual tissues' resistance. The evaluation of visual aspects was influenced by the participants' experience, according to ANOVA test (F= 15.6, p= 0.0002, with p < 0.01). The user preferences were the simulator with two viewpoints, objects with texture based on images and the device with a syringe coupled to it. Conclusion: The simulation was considered thoroughly satisfactory for the anesthesia training, considering the needle insertion task, which includes the correct insertion point and depth, as well as the perception of tissues resistances during the insertion. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/15691-0 - Proposition, implementation and validation of techniques for virtual interactive medical training
Grantee:Fátima de Lourdes dos Santos Nunes Marques
Support type: Regular Research Grants