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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Interference of ursolic acid treatment with glioma growth: An in vitro and in vivo study

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Bergamin, Leticia Scussel ; Figueiro, Fabricio ; Dietrich, Fabricia ; Manica, Fabiana de Mattos ; Filippi-Chiela, Eduardo C. ; Mendes, Franciane Brackman ; Farias Jandrey, Elisa Helena ; Lopes, Daniela Vasconcelos ; Oliveira, Francine H. ; Nascimento, Isis C. ; Ulrich, Henning ; Oliveira Battastini, Ana Maria
Total Authors: 12
Document type: Journal article
Source: European Journal of Pharmacology; v. 811, p. 268-275, SEP 15 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Glioblastoma multiforme is the most devastating tumor in the brain. Ursolic acid (UA) is found in a variety of plants, and exhibits several pharmacological activities. In this study, we investigated the effects of UA in vitro, clarifying the mechanisms that mediate its toxicity and the long-lasting actions of UA in C6 glioma cells. We also evaluated the antitumor activity of UA in an in vivo orthotopic glioma model. Cell numbers were assessed using the Trypan blue exclusion test, and the cell cycle was characterized by flow cytometry using propidium iodide staining. Apoptosis was analyzed using an Annexin V kit and by examining caspase-3. Akt immunocontent was verified by Western blot and the long-lasting actions of UA were measured by cumulative population doubling (CPD). In vivo experiments were performed in rats to measure the effects on tumor size, malignant features and toxicological parameters. In vitro results showed that UA decreased glioma cell numbers, increased the sub-G1 fraction and induced apoptotic death, accompanied by increased active caspase-3 protein levels. Akt phosphorylation/activation in cells was also diminished by UA. With regard to CPD, cell proliferation was almost completely restored upon single UA treatments, but when the UA was added again, the majority of cells died, demonstrating the importance of re-treatment cycles with chemotherapeutic agents for abolishing tumor growth. In vivo, ursolic acid slightly reduced glioma tumor size but did not decrease malignant features. Ursolic acid may be a potential candidate as an adjuvant for glioblastoma therapy. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/18730-0 - Lung cancer stem cells by DNA aptamers identification / purification and kallikrein-kinin system study on tumor progression
Grantee:Isis Cristina Corrêa Do Nascimento
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/50880-4 - Stem cells: from basic studies of kinin and purinergic receptor roles towards therapeutical applications
Grantee:Alexander Henning Ulrich
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants