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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Functional group influences on the reactive azo dye decolorization performance by electrochemical oxidation and electro-Fenton technologies

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da Costa Soares, Izabelle Cristina [1] ; da Silva, Djalma Ribeiro [1] ; Oliveira do Nascimento, Jose Heriberto [2] ; Garcia-Segura, Sergi [1] ; Martinez-Huitle, Carlos Alberto [1, 3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Inst Chem, LEAA, BR-59078970 Natal, RN - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Dept Engn Text, BR-59078970 Natal, RN - Brazil
[3] Unesp, Natl Inst Alternat Technol Detect Toxicol Evaluat, Inst Chem, POB 355, BR-14800900 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research; v. 24, n. 31, p. 24167-24176, NOV 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Electrochemical water treatment technologies are highly promising to achieve complete decolorization of dyebath effluents, as demonstrated by several studies reported in the literature. However, these works are focused on the treatment of one model pollutant and generalize the performances of the processes which are not transposable since they depend on the pollutant treated. Thus, in the present study, we evaluate, for the first time, the influence of different functional groups that modify the dye structure on the electrochemical process decolorization performance. The textile azo dyes Reactive Orange 16, Reactive Violet 4, Reactive Red 228, and Reactive Black 5 have been selected because they present the same molecular basis structure with different functional groups. The results demonstrate that the functional groups that reduce the nucleophilicity of the pollutant hinder the electro-philic attack of electrogenerated hydroxyl radical. Thereby, the overall decolorization efficiency is consequently reduced as well as the decolorization rate. Moreover, the presence of an additional chromophore azo bond in the molecule enhances the recalcitrant character of the azo dyes as pollutants. The formation of a larger and more stable conjugated pi system increases the activation energy required for the electrophyilic attack of (OH)-O-center dot, affecting the performance of electrochemical technologies on effluent decolorization. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50945-4 - INCT 2014: National Institute for Alternative Technologies of Detection, Toxicological Evaluation and Removal of Micropollutants and Radioactivies
Grantee:Maria Valnice Boldrin
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants