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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Reduction in skeletal muscle fibrosis of spontaneously hypertensive rats after laceration by microRNA targeting angiotensin II receptor

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Author(s):
Stilhano, Roberta Sessa [1] ; Samoto, Vivian Yochiko [1] ; Silva, Leonardo Martins [1] ; Pereira, Gustavo Jose [2] ; Erustes, Adolfo Garcia [2] ; Smaili, Soraya Soubhi [2] ; Han, Sang Won [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Escola Paulista Med, Dept Biophys, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Escola Paulista Med, Dept Pharmacol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 12, n. 10 OCT 23 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Regeneration of injured skeletal muscles is affected by fibrosis, which can be improved by the administration of angiotensin II (AngII) receptor (ATR) blockers in normotensive animals. However, the role of ATR in skeletal muscle fibrosis in hypertensive organisms has not been investigated yet. The tibialis anterior (TA) muscle of spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and Wistar rats (WR) were lacerated and a lentivector encoding a microRNA targeting AngII receptor type 1 (At1) (Lv-mirAT1a) or control (Lv-mirCTL) was injected. The TA muscles were collected after 30 days to evaluate fibrosis by histology and gene expression by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blot. SHR's myoblasts were analyzed by RT-qPCR, 48 h after transduction. In the SHR's TA, AT1 protein expression was 23.5-fold higher than in WR without injury, but no difference was observed in the angiotensin II receptor type 2 (AT2) protein expression. TA laceration followed by suture (LS) produced fibrosis in the SHR (23.3 +/- 8.5%) and WR (7.9 +/- 1.5%). Lv-mirAT1 treatment decreased At1 gene expression in 50% and reduced fibrosis to 7% 30 days after. RT-qPCR showed that reduction in At1 expression is due to downregulation of the At1a but not of the At1b. RT-qPCR of myoblasts from SHR transduced with Lv-mirAT1a showed downregulation of the Tgf-b1, Tgf-b2, Smad3, Col1a1, and Col3a1 genes by mirAT1a. In vivo and in vitro studies indicate that hypertension overproduces skeletal muscle fibrosis, and AngII-AT1a signaling is the main pathway of fibrosis in SHR. Moreover, muscle fibrosis can be treated specifically by in loco injection of Lv-mirAT1a without affecting other organs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/00753-6 - GENE THERAPY FOR REDUCTION OF FIBROSIS IN A MODEL OF SPONTENOUSLY HYPERTENSIVE RATS
Grantee:Roberta Sessa Stilhano Yamaguchi
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/20206-8 - Modulation of monocytes, macrophages and pericytes by the colony stimulating factor genes to treat murine limb ischemia
Grantee:Sang Won Han
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants