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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Oral pathology patterns in late farmers of the Central Andes: A comparative perspective between coastal and highland populations

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Author(s):
Pezo-Lanfranco, Luis [1] ; Peralta, Arturo [2] ; Guillen, Sonia [3] ; Eggers, Sabine [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Genet & Biol Evolut, Lab Antropol Biol, Rua Matao 277, Cidade Univ USP, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Paleoestudio Peru SAC, Lima - Peru
[3] Ctr Mallqui Museo Leymebamba, Lima - Peru
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: HOMO-JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE HUMAN BIOLOGY; v. 68, n. 5, p. 343-361, 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

Aiming at future comparisons with earlier hunter-gatherers or transitional populations, this paper intends to characterize and describe the oral pathology pattern of late agriculturalists from Central Andes dating to the Late Intermediate Period (LIP) and Inca periods (1000-1532 CE), and identify differences and/or similarities between coastal and highland populations. Although the botanical inventories of the LIP suggest carbohydrate-rich diets and similar components, it has been hypothesized that coastal and highland populations had, nevertheless, substantially different oral pathology patterns. We evaluated 14 indicators of oral pathology from Los Pinos (n = 200) and Armatambo (n = 25) sites in the Central Coast and two chronological phases from Laguna de los Condores site (LC-Inca, n = 23; and LC-LIP, n = 55), in the Peruvian northern highlands. The results showed a recurrent pattern of oral pathologies characterized by cervical caries (above 30%), extra-occlusal caries (above 60%), high rates of gross-gross caries, high frequency of ante mortem tooth loss, and signals of periodontal disease among these four populations. The diets of the coast were slightly more abrasive than those of the highlands. Oral pathology patterns were compatible with a slightly more cariogenic diet in the coast than in the highlands. In all four populations, those patterns were modulated by other common factors such as consumption of fermented drinks (maize beer-chicha) and the coca leaf chewing habit. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/05391-3 - Adaptation and low level food production: biarchaelogical evidences from brazilian prehistoric coastal populations.
Grantee:Luis Nicanor Pezo Lanfranco
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/14799-0 - Way of life and social complexity among ancient coastal groups of South America
Grantee:Sabine Eggers
Support type: Regular Research Grants