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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Tracing final Gondwana assembly: Age and provenance of key stratigraphic units in the southern Paraguay Belt, Brazil

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McGee, Ben [1] ; Babinski, Manly [1] ; Trindade, Ricardo [2] ; Collins, Alan S. [3]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, Rua Lago 562, BR-05580080 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Dept Geofis, Rua Matao 1226, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Adelaide, Ctr Tecton Resources & Explorat TRaX, Dept Earth Sci, North Terrace, SA 5005 - Australia
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Precambrian Research; v. 307, p. 1-33, APR 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1

The Paraguay Belt in central South America developed in response to the collision between the Amazonian Craton, the Rio Apa Block, the Sao Francisco Craton and the Paranapanema Block and marks the final suture of western Gondwana. The traditional `Brasiliano' age (similar to 620 Ma) of this belt has recently been questioned by evaluation of the geological record of sedimentation, deformation, metamorphism and magmatism, which indicate the closing stages of orogenesis occurred well into the Cambrian. Here we investigate the time of deposition and source areas for the metasedimentary rocks of the Jacadigo and Corumba Groups overlying the Amazonian and Rio Apa cratons in the southern part of the Paraguay Belt. 1177 LA-ICPMS and 61 SHRIMP detrital zircon U-Pb ages were analysed from samples taken from both the basement and the sedimentary succession. A new maximum age constraint of 686 +/- 10 Ma is presented for the Puga Formation to complement existing work in the region. The youngest ages from our samples are 566 +/- 8 Ma and 543 +/- 11 Ma. These maximum depositional ages indicate that final sedimentation began no earlier than 543 +/- 11 Ma in the southern Paraguay Belt. Given that zircon inheritance in these rocks continues up until this age and that known Amazonian Craton ages are older than similar to 950 Ma we discuss other potential sources for these sediments by integrating the U-Pb detrital zircon data with Hf isotopic data. Cumulative proportion analysis of our detrital U-Pb data set indicate a transition from a passive to a collisional setting. Our final conclusions are that sedimentation in the belt transitioned from a passive margin environment to a collisional setting, consistent with an ocean to the east of the present-day Amazonian Craton that did not close until the Cambrian. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/06114-6 - The Neoproterozoic Earth System and the rise of biological complexity
Grantee:Ricardo Ivan Ferreira da Trindade
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants