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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Different autonomic responses to occupational and leisure time physical activities among blue-collar workers

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Sato, Tatiana O. [1] ; Hallman, David M. [2] ; Kristiansen, Jesper [3] ; Skotte, Jorgen H. [3] ; Holtermann, Andreas [4, 3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Fed Univ Sao Carlos UFSCar, Phys Therapy Dept, Rodovia Washington Luis Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Gavle, Ctr Musculoskeletal Res, Dept Occupat & Publ Hlth Sci, S-80176 Gavle - Sweden
[3] NRCWE, Lerso Pk Alle 105, DK-2100 Copenhagen O - Denmark
[4] Univ Southern Denmark, Inst Sports Sci & Clin Biomech, Odense - Denmark
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 2

The differential effect of occupational and leisure time physical activity on cardiovascular health is termed the physical activity health paradox. Cardiac autonomic modulation could bring insights about the underlying mechanism behind this differential effect. The aim was to compare heart rate variability (HRV) during different activities (sitting, standing and moving) at work and leisure among blue-collar workers. One hundred thirty-eight workers from the NOMAD cohort were included. Data from physical activity and HRV were obtained for 3-4 days using tri-axial accelerometers (Actigraph GT3X+) and a heart rate monitor (Actiheart). HRV indices were determined during sitting, standing and moving both at work and leisure. Linear mixed-models with two fixed factors (activities and domains) were applied to investigate differences in HRV indices adjusting for individual and occupational factors. The results showed significant effects of domain (p < 0.01), physical activity type (p < 0.01) and interaction between domain and activity type (p < 0.01) on HRV indices. Mean heart rate (IBI) and parasympathetic measures of HRV (RMSSD and HF) were lower for sitting (p < 0.01) and higher for moving (p < 0.01) during work compared with leisure, while no difference between domains was found for standing (p > 0.05). Sympathovagal balance (LF/HF) was higher during work for sitting and moving (p < 0.01), but showed no difference for standing (p = 0.62). Differences in cardiac autonomic modulation between work and leisure were found, indicating sympathetic predominance during work and parasympathetic predominance during leisure for sitting. Autonomic responses can be part of the mechanism that explains the differential effect of occupational and leisure time physical activity on health. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/18310-1 - Occupational and leisure time physical activity and its relationship with musculoskeletal and cardiovascular health outcomes
Grantee:Tatiana de Oliveira Sato
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research