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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Growth and cytometric diversity of bacterial assemblages under different top-down control regimes by using a size-fractionation approach

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Author(s):
Segovia, Bianca Trevizan [1] ; Meira, Bianca Ramos [1] ; Lansac-Toha, Fernando Miranda [1] ; Amadeo, Felipe Emiliano [1] ; Unrein, Fernando [2] ; Machado Velho, Luiz Felipe [1, 3] ; Sarmento, Hugo [4]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Maringa, Nucleo Pesquisas Limnol Ictiol & Aquicultura NUPE, Ave Colombo 5790, BR-87020900 Maringa, Parana - Brazil
[2] UNSAM CONICET, Inst Tecnol Chascomus IIB INTECH, Ave Intendente Marino Km 8, RA-7130 Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[3] Ctr Univ Cesumar Unicesumar, Inst Cesumar Ciencia Tecnol & Inovacao ICETI, Ave Guedner 1610, BR-87050900 Maringa, Parana - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Hidrobiol, Rodovia Washington Luis, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Plankton Research; v. 40, n. 2, p. 129-141, MAR-APR 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Zooplankton communities in tropical inland waters are generally characterized by small bodied individuals and the absence of large daphnids. However, the effects of this peculiar food web configuration on microbial compartments have not been tested experimentally. To establish which predator could be responsible for most bacterial loss in a tropical shallow lake, we performed a predation experiment manipulating consumer size fractions. We found that protists had an effect more than four times greater (-86%) than the one exerted by microcrustaceans (-20%), whereas rotifers and nauplii had a minimum effect (-8%). Thus, our results indicate that predation was a crucial factor controlling bacterial abundance and that protists (mainly ciliates) were responsible for most of this loss. Moreover, bacterial community structure was also affected by predation, with a change in the relative proportion of cytometric subpopulations (high-nucleic acid and low-nucleic acid) as a function of different degrees of predation pressure and a decrease in community evenness (assessed by cytometric diversity) with the removal of predators. Therefore, protists play an important role in controlling the abundance and maintaining prokaryotic diversity in warm regions, where zooplankton is present and controlled by juvenile fish throughout the year. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/50494-8 - Flow cytometry as a tool to assess the impact of mixotrophic Algae in planktonic food webs
Grantee:Hugo Miguel Preto de Morais Sarmento
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/14139-3 - Microbial processes and biodiversity in aquatic ecosystems
Grantee:Hugo Miguel Preto de Morais Sarmento
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants