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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Is Palmitoleic Acid a Plausible Nonpharmacological Strategy to Prevent or Control Chronic Metabolic and Inflammatory Disorders?

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de Souza, Camila O. [1] ; Vannice, Gretchen K. [2] ; Rosa Neto, Jose C. [1] ; Calder, Philip C. [3, 4]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Cell & Dev Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Organ Technol, Global Nutr Educ, Coshocton, OH - USA
[3] Univ Southampton, Human Dev & Hlth Acad Unit, Fac Med, Southampton, Hants - England
[4] Univ Southampton, NIHR Southampton Biomed Res Ctr, Southampton, Hants - England
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Review article
Web of Science Citations: 17

Although dietary fatty acids can modulate metabolic and immune responses, the effects of palmitoleic acid (16:1n-7) remain unclear. Since this monounsaturated fatty acid is described as a lipokine, studies with cell culture and rodent models have suggested it enhances whole body insulin sensitivity, stimulates insulin secretion by beta cells, increases hepatic fatty acid oxidation, improves the blood lipid profile, and alters macrophage differentiation. However, human studies report elevated blood levels of palmitoleic acid in people with obesity and metabolic syndrome. These findings might be reflection of the level or activity of stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1, which synthesizes palmitoleate and is enhanced in liver and adipose tissue of obese patients. The aim of this review is to describe the immune-metabolic effects of palmitoleic acid observed in cell culture, animal models, and humans to answer the question of whether palmitoleic acid is a plausible nonpharmacological strategy to prevent, control, or ameliorate chronic metabolic and inflammatory disorders. Despite the beneficial effects observed in cell culture and in animal studies, there are insufficient human intervention studies to fully understand the physiological effects of palmitoleic acid. Therefore, more human-based research is needed to identify whether palmitoleic acid meets the promising therapeutic potential suggested by the preclinical research. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/04765-1 - Palmitoleic acid supplementation effects on immune-metabolics alterations induced by high fat diet on PPAR knockout mice
Grantee:Camila Oliveira de Souza
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/01409-8 - The caracterization of antiinflammatory effect of palmitoleic acid suplemmentation in hepatic inflammation; The role of PPARs.
Grantee:José Cesar Rosa Neto
Support type: Regular Research Grants