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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Combining bathymetry, latitude, and phylogeny to understand the distribution of deep Atlantic hydroids (Cnidaria)

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Fernandez, Marina O. [1] ; Marques, Antonio C. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, R Matao, Trav 14, 101, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Biol Marinha, Rod Manoel Hypolito do Rego, Km 131-5, BR-11600000 Sao Sebastiao, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 3

Water depth is associated with significant environmental changes and gradients that, together with biotic, geological, and evolutionary processes, define bathymetric ranges of individuals, populations, species, and even communities. However, inferences on bathymetric ranges of marine invertebrates are usually based on a few taxa or on restricted regional scales. In this study, we present a comprehensive literature survey of hydroids for the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent Arctic and Antarctic seas for records deeper than 50 m. We used these records in bathymetrical analyses along latitude and compared major patterns under an evolutionary framework. Our results show that hydroids are frequent inhabitants of the deep sea with mainly eurybathic species that extend their distributions from shallower to deeper waters, being rarely exclusively bathyal or abyssal. We also found increasing bathymetric ranges with mean depths of occurrence of the species for both families and regions. Moreover, vertical distribution proved to be taxonomically and regionally dependent, with reduced eurybathy in ``Antarctic{''} species but increased eurybathy in ``Tropical{''} and ``Subtropical North{''} regions. Data also support early colonization of the deep sea in the evolution of the group. Finally, the unequal number of records across latitudes, scant at Equatorial and southern Tropical latitudes, provides evidence to the historically uneven sampling effort in the different regions of the Atlantic. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/16948-9 - Distribution patterns of hydroids (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) in deep Atlantic waters and adjacent polar seas
Grantee:Marina de Oliveira Fernandez
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/10821-1 - Distribution patterns of hydrozoans (Cnidaria) in deep waters of the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent polar seas
Grantee:Marina de Oliveira Fernandez
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/50242-5 - Dimensions of marine life: patterns and process of diversifications in planktonic and benthic cnidarians
Grantee:Antonio Carlos Marques
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants