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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Quantifying the Responses of Three Bacillus cereus Strains in Isothermal Conditions and During Spray Drying of Different Carrier Agents

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Alvarenga, Veronica O. [1] ; Campgnollo, Fernanda B. [1] ; Pia, Arthur K. R. [1] ; Conceicao, Deborah A. [1] ; Abud, Yuri [2] ; Sant'Anna, Celso [2] ; Hubinger, Miriam D. [3] ; Sant'Ana, Anderson S. [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Food Engn, Dept Food Sci, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Natl Inst Metrol Qual & Technol Inmetro, Metrol Appl Life Sci Div, Lab Biotechnol Labio, Duque De Caxias - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Food Engn, Dept Food Engn, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 3

Spray drying is a widely used method for producing milk powder. This process is not aimed to cause microbial inactivation, thus sporeforming bacteria may be abundant in the microbiota of milk powder. The first aim of this study was to determine the inactivation kinetics parameters in capillary tubes of three Bacillus cereus strains (436, B63, 540) in three menstrua (whole milk, phosphate buffer, and talc suspension) at 90, 100, and 110 degrees C. D-values for B. cereus in the three menstrua were not significantly different at the highest tested temperature (p > 0.05). Thus, talc was chosen as a carrier agent to allow the recovery of B. cereus from spray dried materials given its low interference on inactivation kinetics. B. cereus spores were also inoculated in whole milk and skim milk following spray drying at 95, 105, and 110 degrees C (outlet temperature). After the spray drying runs, B. cereus spores were counted and the number of decimal reductions (gamma) calculated. A correlation between the small diameter of the particles with the survival of spores of three B. cereus strains was found, and B. cereus 436 presented consistently the lowest gamma no matter temperature and a carrier agent. The highest gamma was found when talc powder was used, which suggest that this carrier agent does not protect B. cereus spores during spray drying. Spray drying of milk can lead to up to 4 gamma (strain 540) of B. cereus spores but depending on the strain less than one gamma (strain 436) could be observed. This study contributes to the knowledge on the microbiology of low water activity foods by providing novel findings regarding the fate of three B. cereus strains to different spray drying conditions. Acknowledging the variability of inactivation of B. cereus during spray drying is key in the current context of food safety in which the quantification of effects of unit operations must be known for the validation of processes and development of more robust formulations. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/14891-7 - Modelling the inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in traditional Minas cheeses
Grantee:Fernanda Bovo Campagnollo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate