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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Structure, densification and electrical properties of Gd3+ and Cu2+ co-doped ceria solid electrolytes for SOFC applications: Effects of Gd2O3 content

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Author(s):
Santos, Thamyscira H. [1] ; Grilo, Joao P. F. [2] ; Loureiro, Francisco J. A. [3] ; Fagg, Duncan P. [3] ; Fonseca, Fabio C. [4] ; Macedo, Daniel A. [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Paraiba, Mat Sci & Engn Postgrad Program, BR-58051900 Joao Pessoa, Paraiba - Brazil
[2] Univ Aveiro, Dept Mat & Ceram Engn, P-3810193 Aveiro - Portugal
[3] Univ Aveiro, Dept Mech Engn, P-3810193 Aveiro - Portugal
[4] IPEN, Energy & Nucl Res Inst, BR-05508170 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL; v. 44, n. 3, p. 2745-2751, FEB 15 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 13
Abstract

Ceria-based solid electrolytes exhibit superior electrical conductivity compared to traditional yttria-stabilized zirconia ceramics. However, they require high sintering temperatures to achieve full densification. Transition metal oxides exhibiting low melting points, such as CuO, have been used as additives to lower the sintering temperature of these materials. In this context, the present work is focused on the evaluation of the effects of gadolinium oxide (Gd2O3) content on the structure, densification and electrical properties of ceria co-doped with CuO. Nominal compositions of Ce0.99-xGdxCu0 O-01(2.delta) (0 <= x <= 0.3) were synthesized by the polymeric precursor method. The precursor powders were characterized by simultaneous thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis (TG/DTA) and the calcined powders were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Rietveld refinement to obtain crystallographic parameters. The sinterability of green bodies was evaluated by dilatometry up to 1200 degrees C. The relative density was determined in samples sintered between 950 and 1050 degrees C and the microstructural characterization was performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The electrical properties were investigated by impedance spectroscopy (IS). The XRD results confirms the formation of a cubic fluorite type structure in the entire composition range. The lattice parameters obtained by Rietveld refinement showed a reduction in the crystallite size with increasing gadolinium content. Densification was improved with increasing Gd-content up to x = 0.15. The electrical conductivity was enhanced by gadolinium addition, reaching a maximum of 7.81 mS cm(-1) at 600 degrees C for the composition x = 0.15 sintered at a temperature as low as 1050 degrees C. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50279-4 - Brasil Research Centre for Gas Innovation
Grantee:Julio Romano Meneghini
Support type: Research Grants - Research Centers in Engineering Program
FAPESP's process: 14/09087-4 - Studies on the use of bioethanol in proton exchange membrane and solid oxide fuel cells
Grantee:Marcelo Linardi
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants