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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Clinical findings and prognosis of patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure: Analysis of the influence of Chagas etiology and ventricular function

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Terhoch, Caique Bueno [1] ; Moreira, Henry Fukuda [1] ; Ayub-Ferreira, Silvia Moreira [1] ; Conceicao-Souza, Germano Emilio [1] ; Cury Salemi, Vera Maria [1] ; Chizzola, Paulo Roberto [1] ; Oliveira, Jr., Mucio Tavares [1] ; Gelas Lage, Silvia Helena [1] ; Bocchi, Edimar Alcides [1] ; Issa, Victor Sarli [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Hosp Clin, Heart Failure Dept, Heart Inst InCor, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; v. 12, n. 2 FEB 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 7

Aims Explore the association between clinical findings and prognosis in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and analyze the influence of etiology on clinical presentation and prognosis. Methods and results Prospective cohort of 500 patients admitted with ADHF from Aug/2013-Feb/2016; patients were predominantly male (61.8%), median age was 58 (IQ(25-75%) 47-66 years); etiology was dilated cardiomyopathy in 141 (28.2%), ischemic heart disease in 137 (27.4%), and Chagas heart disease in 113 (22.6%). Patients who died (154 {[}30.8%]) or underwent heart transplantation (53{[}10.6%]) were younger (56 years {[}IQ(25-75%) 45-64 vs 60 years, IQ(25-75%) 4967], P=0.032), more frequently admitted for cardiogenic shock (20.3% vs 6.8%, P<0.001), had longer duration of symptoms (14 days {[}IQ(25-75%) 4-32.8 vs 7.5 days, IQ(25-75%) 2-31], P=0.004), had signs of congestion (90.8% vs 76.5%, P<0.001) and inadequate perfusion more frequently (45.9% vs 28%, P<0.001), and had lower blood pressure (90 {[}IQ(25-75%) 80-100 vs 100, IQ(25-75%) 90-120], P<0.001). In a logistic regression model analysis, systolic blood pressure (P<0.001, OR 0.97 {[}95% CI 10.96-0.98] per mmHg) and jugular distention (P=0.004, OR 1.923 {[}95% CI 1.232-3.001]) were significant. Chagas patients were more frequently admitted for cardiogenic shock (15%) and syncope/arrhythmia (20.4%). Pulmonary congestion was rare among Chagas patients and blood pressure was lower. The rate of in hospital death or heart transplant was higher among patients with Chagas (50.5%). Conclusions A physical exam may identify patients at higher risk in a contemporaneous population. Our findings support specific therapies targeted at Chagas patients in the setting of ADHF. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/13063-6 - Study of the clinical characteristics of patients hospitalized with heart failure
Grantee:Caíque Bueno Terhoch
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation