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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The Natural History of Cirrhaea and the Pollination System of Stanhopeinae (Orchidaceae)

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Pansarin, Ludmila M. [1] ; Pansarin, Emerson R. [1] ; Gerlach, Guenter [2] ; Sazima, Marlies [3]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biol, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras, BR-14040901 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Bot Garten Munchen Nymphenburg, Menzinger Str 61, D-80638 Munich - Germany
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Vegetal, CP 6109, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PLANT SCIENCES; v. 179, n. 6, p. 436-449, JUL-AUG 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Premise of research.The relations between orchids and their pollinators are so specialized that the pollination of some of these flowers depends solely on specific groups of bees. Members of Stanhopeinae are pollinated exclusively by fragrance-collecting male euglossines. Although many studies have documented the pollination biology of various Stanhopeinae, data on the natural history of some genera (e.g., the Brazilian endemic Cirrhaea) are still lacking. In addition, few studies include molecular data on their pollination systems, and the Brazilian representatives of Stanhopeinae are rarely considered in phylogenies.Methodology.We documented the floral and reproductive biology of Cirrhaea through focal observations and experiments. We studied the interaction network between Stanhopeinae and Euglossini by reconstructing the phylogenies of both pollinators and orchids from molecular data.Pivotal results.Cirrhaea species present floral fragrances with different chemical compositions, are self-compatible, and are pollinated by two or more euglossine species. A single species of Cirrhaea can be pollinated by up to three bee species, and a single species of orchid bee can pollinate more than one species of Cirrhaea. Our data show that the relation between Cirrhaea and euglossines is not species specific and that orchids depend unilaterally on bees.Conclusions.The selection pressures of euglossine on flowers have promoted the production of divergent perfume bouquets. Moreover, they have favored the emergence of peculiar flower morphologies that have resulted in particular pollination mechanisms. This close relationship between flower and pollinator reduces pollen loss and promotes isolating mechanisms between sympatric interfertile species. The combination of the phylogeny of Stanhopeinae and Euglossini shows that species-specific relations between the evolution of plants and pollinators are rare. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 03/12595-7 - Floristic composition, structure and functioning of the Dense Rainforest nuclei of Picinguaba and Santa Virgínia of Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Grantee:Carlos Alfredo Joly
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants