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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

On the distinctiveness of Amapasaurus, its relationship with Loxopholis Cope 1869, and description of a new genus for L. guianensis and L. hoogmoedi (Gymnophthalmoidea/Ecpleopodini: Squamata)

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Machado Pellegrino, Katia Cristina [1] ; Brunes, Tuliana Oliveira [2] ; Souza, Sergio Marques [2] ; Laguna, Marcia Maria [2] ; Sauer Avila-Pires, Teresa Cristina [3] ; Hoogmoed, Marinus Steven [3] ; Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut [2]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ecol & Biol Evolut, Campus Diadema, Ave Prof Artur Riedel 275, BR-09972270 Diadema, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Caixa Postal 11-461, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi CZO, Caixa Postal 399, BR-66017970 Belem, Para - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Zootaxa; v. 4441, n. 2, p. 332-346, JUN 27 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Amapasaurus is a monotypic genus of forest lizards never accessed molecularly and, based on morphological similarities, suggested to be closely related to species of the former Leposoma parietale group Ruibal 1952, currently in the genus Loxopholis Cope 1869. Two other species, formerly allocated in Arthrosaura (A. guianensis and A. hoogmoedi), were tentatively moved to Loxopholis in an extensive molecular revision of Gymnophthalmoidea. Here we add mitochondrial and nuclear sequence data (12S, cyt b, ND4, c-mos and NT3) of Amapasaurus to previously published and new data of all Ecpleopodini genera (except for Adercosaurus), in order to test: i) the close relationship between Amapasaurus and Loxopholis and ii) the position of Loxopholis guianensis and Loxopholis hoogmoedi with three different phylogenetic methods, expanding the knowledge on the current taxonomy of Ecpleopodini. Concatenated analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear data (2303 bp) under Bayesian Inference, Maximum Likelihood and Maximum Parsimony methods recovered a strongly supported sister relationship between Amapasaurus tetradactylus Cunha 1970 and species of Loxopholis. Genetic divergence between Amapasaurus and this assemblage of Loxopholis is high in both mitochondrial (similar to 18% for cyt b) and nuclear (similar to 12% for c-mos) regions, supporting its generic distinctiveness. Differing from the current taxonomy of the Ecpleopodini tribe, our analyses recovered Lo. guianensis and Lo. hoogmoedi as a distinct clade that is sister to all other Loxopholis plus Amapasaurus. Supplemented by external and hemipenial morphology data available from the literature along with DNA sequences, we restrict Loxopholis to the species of the former parietale group of Leposoma and describe a new genus to allocate Lo. guianensis and Lo. hoogmoedi. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 03/10335-8 - Systematics and evolution of the herpetological fauna from Neotropical areas
Grantee:Miguel Trefaut Urbano Rodrigues
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/50146-6 - Comparative phylogeography, phylogeny, paleoclimate modeling, and taxonomy of neotropical reptiles and amphibians
Grantee:Miguel Trefaut Urbano Rodrigues
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/50297-0 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: a multidisciplinary framework for biodiversity prediction in the Brazilian Atlantic forest hotspot
Grantee:Cristina Yumi Miyaki
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/10163-1 - Phylogeny and systematics of the lizards genus Leposoma GR. parietale (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae), based on morphological and molecular characters
Grantee:Sérgio Marques de Souza
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/03146-4 - Unveiling geographical, ecological, and evolutionary relationships of a Neotropical species complex of unisexual lizards of genus Leposoma (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) through ecological niche modeling
Grantee:Tuliana Oliveira Brunes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate