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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Molecular phylogeny and revision of the false violin spiders (Araneae: Drymusidae) of Africa

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Labarque, Facundo M. [1, 2, 3] ; Perez-Gonzalez, Abel [3] ; Griswold, Charles E. [2, 4, 5, 6]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Inst Butantan, Lab Especial Colecoes Zool, Ave Vital Brasil 1500, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Calif Acad Sci, 55 Mus Concourse Dr, San Francisco, CA 94118 - USA
[3] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Museo Argentino Ciencias Nat Bernardino Rivadavia, Ave Angel Gallardo 470, C1405DJR, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[4] Univ Calif Berkeley, Environm Sci Policy & Management, 101 Sproul Hall, Berkeley, CA 94704 - USA
[5] San Francisco State Univ, Dept Biol, 1600 Holloway Ave, San Francisco, CA 94132 - USA
[6] George Washington Univ, Dept Biol, 2121 1 St NW, Washington, DC 20052 - USA
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: ZOOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY; v. 183, n. 2, p. 390-430, JUN 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2

The family Drymusidae includes 16 cryptic spiders that build irregular webs in dark places. The family is distributed in South Africa, the Neotropical and Andean regions. Here, we use a molecular approach to infer the relationships of Drymusidae using three mitochondrial (COI, 16S, 12S) and three nuclear (H3, 28S, 18S) markers. Our preferred analyses support Drymusidae and its American and African clades, which emerge as sister groups. Our analyses suggest a Gondwanan distribution of Drymusidae and a Westward radiation of Izithunzi gen. nov. within South Africa, but both hypotheses remain to be thoroughly tested. We describe Izithunzi gen. nov. for the African species. All previous African species are redescribed and new combinations are proposed: Izithunzi capense (Simon) comb. nov., Izithunzi productum (Purcell) comb. nov. and Izithunzi silvicola (Purcell) comb. nov. Two new species are described: Izithunzi lina sp. nov. (known from both sexes) and Izithunzi zondii sp. nov. (known only from females). The male of I. productum (Purcell) comb. nov. is also described for the first time. We consider Loxosceles valida Lawrence, 1964, a junior synonym of I. capense (Simon) comb. nov. (new synonymy). We also provide a dichotomous key for Izithunzi gen. nov. species. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/23369-2 - Tarsus and pretarsus: a storytelling on the evolution and function of the last segments of the spider's legs
Grantee:Facundo Martin Labarque
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate