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Taxonomy revision, phylogeny and biogeographical aspects of the neotropical spider genus Nops MacLeay, 1839 (Araneae, Caponiidae, Nopinae)

Grant number: 12/09680-1
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2012
Effective date (End): September 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Zoology - Taxonomy of Recent Groups
Principal researcher:Antonio Domingos Brescovit
Grantee:Alexander Sanchez Ruiz
Home Institution: Instituto Butantan. Secretaria da Saúde (São Paulo - Estado). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:11/50689-0 - Systematic of the neotropical haplogynae spiders (Arachnida, Araneae), AP.TEM


The family Caponiidae, is a group of Haplogynae spiders composed by 15 genera and 83 species. The study of this family is considered insufficient. Some genera as Caponina, Cubanops and Orthonops, have been acceptably revised, others as Calponia, Diploglena, Iraponia, Laoponia, Nopsides, Notnops, Nyetnops, Taintnops and Tisentnops need other studies, while Caponia, Nops and Tarsonops still remain wait for a revision. This project pretends to contribute to the taxonomy, phylogeny and some aspects of the biogeography of the genus Nops. This genus is the most speciose in the family (28) and the most widely distributed. We pretend to revise types of all the species, as well as the main arachnological collections where the whole material collected in the Neotropical Region is deposited. We aim to carry out specimen collections across some territories of Central and South America as well as in some islands of the Lesser Antilles. Starting from a better taxonomic knowledge of the genus and deepening in the study of the morphological characters, we could then take the first steps to understand the phylogeny of the Nops species, as well as to determine the distribution patterns and the endemism areas. These results also represent the first real approach to the phylogeny and biogeography of one of the genus of this family of spiders. Besides the clarification of the taxonomy of the genus and the description and redescription of poorly known species; we will describe, for the first time, the female internal genitalia in all species of the genus Nops, and an illustrated taxonomic key, an arachnological reference collection and a digital database will be made.

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Scientific publications (8)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SANCHEZ-RUIZ, ALEXANDER; BRESCOVIT, ANTONIO D. A revision of the Neotropical spider genus Nops MacLeay (Araneae: Caponiidae) with the first phylogenetic hypothesis for the Nopinae genera. Zootaxa, v. 4427, n. 1, p. 1-121, JUN 1 2018. Web of Science Citations: 4.
BRESCOVIT, ANTONIO D.; SANCHEZ-RUIZ, ALEXANDER; BONALDO, ALEXANDRE B. On the spider genus Syspira Simon, 1895 (Araneae: Miturgidae) in the Caribbean: four new species from Dominican Republic. Zootaxa, v. 4370, n. 1, p. 57-66, JAN 9 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SANCHEZ-RUIZ, ALEXANDER; BRESCOVIT, ANTONIO D. A new genus with seven species of the Subfamily Nopinae (Araneae, Caponiidae) from the Neotropical region. Zootaxa, v. 4291, n. 1, p. 117-143, JUL 11 2017. Web of Science Citations: 1.
BRESCOVIT, ANTONIO D.; RUIZ, ALEXANDER SANCHEZ; ALAYON GARCIA, GIRALDO. The Filistatidae in the Caribbean region, with a description of the new genus Antilloides, revision of the genus Filistatoides F. O. P.-Cambridge and notes on Kukulcania Lehtinen (Arachnida, Araneae). Zootaxa, v. 4136, n. 3, p. 401-432, JUL 7 2016. Web of Science Citations: 3.
BRESCOVIT, ANTONIO D.; SANCHEZ-RUIZ, ALEXANDER. Descriptions of two new genera of the spider family Caponiidae (Arachnida, Araneae) and an update of Tisentnops and Taintnops from Brazil and Chile. ZOOKEYS, n. 622, p. 47-84, 2016. Web of Science Citations: 1.
SANCHEZ-RUIZ, ALEXANDER; BRESCOVIT, ANTONIO D.; ALAYON, GIRALDO. Four new caponiids species (Araneae, Caponiidae) from the West Indies and redescription of Nops blandus (Bryant). Zootaxa, v. 3972, n. 1, p. 43-64, JUN 10 2015. Web of Science Citations: 6.
RUIZ, ALEXANDER SANCHEZ; BRESCOVIT, ANTONIO D. On the taxonomic placement of the Cuban spider Nops ariguanabo Alayon and the description of a new Mexican Tarsonops (Araneae, Caponiidae). Zootaxa, v. 3914, n. 2, p. 131-143, JAN 27 2015. Web of Science Citations: 4.
RUIZ, ALEXANDER SANCHEZ; BRESCOVIT, ANTONIO D. The genus Loxosceles Heineken & Lowe (Araneae: Sicariidae) in Cuba and Hispaniola, West Indies. Zootaxa, v. 3731, n. 2, p. 212-222, OCT 30 2013. Web of Science Citations: 4.

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