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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Identification of appropriate reference genes for local immune-related studies in Morada Nova sheep infected with Haemonchus contortus

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Barbosa Toscano, Joao Henrique [1] ; Lopes, Louyse Gabrielli [2] ; Giraldelo, Luciana Aparecida [2] ; da Silva, Matheus Henrique [2] ; Okino, Cintia Hiromi [3] ; de Souza Chagas, Ana Carolina [3]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castellane S-N, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Ctr Univ Cent Paulista, Rua Miguel Petroni 511, BR-13563470 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Embrapa Pecuaria Sudeste, Rodovia Washington Luiz, Km 234 S-N, POB 339, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS; v. 45, n. 5, p. 1253-1262, OCT 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Due to the great economic impact of Haemonchus contortus on sheep farming, there is an increasing number of studies addressing host resistance against this nematode, including identification of directly related immune mechanisms. In this context, relative gene expression by RT-qPCR have been largely used, due to its rapidity, high sensitivity, specificity, and reproducibility. Although, appropriate reference gene selection is crucial for accurate interpretation of results. In this study, five reference genes (GAPDH, G6PDH, YWHAZ, ACTB, and B2M) were tested for expression stability in abomasum (fundic and pyloric regions) and abomasal lymph nodes of Morada Nova sheep classified as resistant (n = 5) or susceptible (n = 5) to H. contortus infection in a flock of 151 animals. GAPDH combined with YWHAZ were selected as reference genes for abomasal fundic region and abomasal lymph nodes, whereas YWHAZ was the most stable gene for abomasal pyloric region. These genes presented the lowest intra- and inter-group variations and, consequently, highest stability. In contrast, expression of G6PDH was the least stable in all tissues. The impact of reference gene selection was demonstrated by relative quantification of a pro-inflammatory cytokine (TNF alpha) in abomasal fundic region. Significant differences in TNF alpha expression levels between resistant and susceptible groups were only observed when the most stable genes (GAPDH combined with YWHAZ) or GAPDH were used as reference genes, whereas no significant differences were observed when other tested reference genes were used. It was demonstrated that normalization of expression data using inappropriate reference genes may significantly influence interpretation results. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/01626-1 - Genetic and immune responses characterization associated with the phenotype of parasite resistance in a sheep flock of Morada Nova
Grantee:Ana Carolina de Souza Chagas
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/24289-0 - Morada Nova newborns: care after birth, evaluation of levels of infection by gastrointestinal nematodes and its impact on weight gain
Grantee:Luciana Aparecida Giraldelo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 17/00373-2 - Characterization of local immune responses associated with the parasitic resistance phenotype in morada nova lambs
Grantee:João Henrique Barbosa Toscano
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master