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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Personal, relational and school factors associated with involvement in fights with weapons among school-age youth in Brazil: a multilevel ecological approach

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Author(s):
Tourinho Peres, Maria Fernanda [1] ; Azeredo, Catarina Machado [2] ; Machado de Rezende, Leandro Fornias [1] ; Zucchi, Eliana Miura [3] ; Franca-Junior, Ivan [4] ; Luiz, Olinda do Carmo [1] ; Levy, Renata Bertazzi [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Med Prevent, Fac Med FMUSP, Av Dr Arnaldo 455, 2 Andar, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Uberlandia, Curso Nutr, Fac Med, BR-38405320 Uberlandia, MG - Brazil
[3] Univ Catolica Santos, Programa Posgrad Saude Colet, Santos - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Publ Hlth, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: International Journal of Public Health; v. 63, n. 8, SI, p. 957-965, NOV 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

ObjectivesTo investigate the association between personal, relational and school factors with involvement in fights with weapon among Brazilian school-age youth.MethodsUsing data from the Adolescent School-Based Health Survey 2015 (n=102.072), we conducted multilevel logistic regression models.ResultsIFW was associated with female sex (OR=0.45), and with older age (OR=1.15), previous involvement in physical violence (OR=2.05), history of peer verbal (OR=1.14) and domestic victimization (OR=2.11), alcohol use (OR=2.42) and drug use (OR=3.23). The relational variables (e.g., parent's supervision) were mostly negatively associated with IFW. At the school level, attending public school and attending schools in violent surroundings were both positively associated with IFW. The intraclass correlation coefficient estimated in the empty model showed that 5.77% of the variance of IFW was at school level. When all individual- and school-level variables were included in the model, the proportional changes in variance were 61.7 and 71.55%, respectively.ConclusionsIFW is associated with personal, relational and school factors. Part of the variance in IFW by school is explained by characteristics of the school context. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/16142-4 - Violence, health and prevention: criminology contributions to the study of homicides in Brazil and for the design of new investigations in order to identify risk factors for interpersonal violence among children and adolescents
Grantee:Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research