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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effect of different superficial treatments on structural, morphological and superficial area of Kraft lignin based charcoal

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Brazil, Tayra R. [1] ; Junior, Mauro S. O. [1] ; Baldan, Mauricio R. [2] ; Massi, Marcos [1, 3] ; Rezende, Mirabel C. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Inst Sci & Technol, Rua Talim 330, BR-12231280 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[2] Natl Inst Space Res, Associated Lab Sensors & Mat, Ave Astronautas 1758, BR-12227010 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Prebiteriana Mackenzie, Sch Engn, PPGEMN, Rua Consolacao 896, BR-01302907 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: VIBRATIONAL SPECTROSCOPY; v. 99, p. 130-136, NOV 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Lignin is a biomass derived from an abundant renewable source, rich in carbon and with potential application in modem society. The goal of this work is to add more value to lignin through its thermal conversion in charcoal, as well contribute to solutions linked to environmental preservation. Charcoal was obtained from Kraft lignin and its surface was modified using chemical (acid attack) and physical (microwave plasma) methods, in order to get charcoals different characteristics. In this work, the prepared charcoals were characterized by field emission gun - scanning electron microscope (FEG-SEM), Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and superficial area by BET analyses. Microscopic analyses evidenced morphological differences in the samples as consequence of the used superficial treatments. Raman spectroscopy results point to an increase in the carbon material disorder after chemical and physical treatments. The acid attack of charcoal increased its superficial area by 40% (403 m(2)/g) in relation to the charcoal without chemical treatment (287 m(2)/g). Physical treatment based on microwave plasma promoted a further increase in superficial area of 63% (468 m(2)/g). FT-IR showed that chemically treated charcoals presented more functional groups. Based on these results, it can be verified that the production of activated charcoal from lignin is viable and its superficial area can be increased using acid and plasma treatments, the latter being a more efficient and clean method. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/12918-5 - Study of the conversion of Kraft lignin on coals with different surface áreas
Grantee:Tayra Rodrigues Brazil
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master