Campanelli, Leonardo C.
Oliveira, Nilson T. C.
da Silva, Paulo Sergio C. P.
Motheo, Artur J.
Total Authors: 8
 Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Mat Engn, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Inst Chem, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS RESEARCH PART B-APPLIED BIOMATERIALS;
Web of Science Citations:
The objective of this work was a systemic evaluation of the anodizing treatment in a beta-type Ti-15Mo alloy to grow a TiO2 nanostructured layer for osseointegration improvement. The technical viability of the surface modification was assessed based on the resistance to mechanical fatigue, electrochemical corrosion, and biological response. By using an organic solution of NH4F in ethylene glycol, a well-organized array of 90 nm diameter nanotubes was obtained with a potential of 40 V for 6 h, while undefined nanotubes of 25 nm diameter were formed with a potential of 20 V for 1 h. Nevertheless, the production of the 90 nm diameter nanotubes was followed by micrometer pits that significantly reduced the fatigue performance. The undefined nanotubes of 25 nm diameter, besides the greater cell viability and improved osteoblastic cell differentiation in comparison to the as-polished surface, were not deleterious to the fatigue and corrosion properties. This result strengthens the necessity of an overall evaluation of the anodizing treatment, particularly the fatigue resistance, before suggesting it for the design of implants. (c) 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 107B: 86-96, 2019. (AU)