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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Structural, electronic and mechanical properties of single-walled AlN and GaN nanotubes via DFT/B3LYP

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Author(s):
Pinhal, Giovanne B. [1] ; Marana, Naiara L. [1] ; Fabris, Guilherme S. L. [1] ; Sambrano, Julio R. [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Modeling & Mol Simulat Grp, CDMF, BR-17033360 Bauru, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: THEORETICAL CHEMISTRY ACCOUNTS; v. 138, n. 2 JAN 28 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Density functional theory with B3LYP hybrid functional and all-electron basis set was applied to study the AlN (SWAlNNTs) and GaN (SWGaNNTs) single-walled nanotubes.Thestructural and electronic properties were analyzedin function of its diameter and chiralities. Additionally, the elastic and piezoelectric constants were calculated for armchair, zigzag and chiral nanotubes. The simulations showed that both, SWAlNNTs and SWGaNNTs, are easily formed from the graphene-like surface than from the respective bulk. As the diameter increases, the band gap energy also increases, but converges to the band gap energy of its precursor surface. The calculated elastic constants for bulk, graphene-like surface and nanotubes of AlN and GaN show that AlN, in all configurations, is more rigid than GaN. This effect can be related to the more pronounced ionic character of Al-N bond, which confers the stiffness of material. This stiffness affects the AlN nanotube formation, especially that with small diameter, that has the higher energy strain and formation energy for all chiralities. The AlN configurations have piezoelectric response similar to 25% greater than GaN. The AlN zigzag nanotube has the higher piezoelectric constant e(11), i.e., 0.84C/m(2). Compared to AlN bulk, the e(11) of nanotube is less than the e(33) of its bulk, 1.44C/m(2), but is higher when compared with the others' piezoelectric constants of bulk and surface. Therefore, although the nanotubes present the same stability in diameters above 20, AlN and GaN differ in their band gap energy, piezoelectric response and elastic constant, which will interfere directly with their application in electronic and piezoelectric devices, besides a possible functionalization, such as doping or molecule adsorption. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/07476-9 - Porous nanotubes of carbon and inorganic semiconductors: a computational study
Grantee:Julio Ricardo Sambrano
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/07296-2 - CDMF - Center for the Development of Functional Materials
Grantee:Elson Longo da Silva
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 16/25500-4 - Functionalization of semiconductor nanotubes via interfaces and gas adsorption: a computational approach
Grantee:Naiara Letícia Marana
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate