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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Does Phoradendron perrottetii (mistletoe) alter polyphenols levels of Tapirira guianensis (host plant)?

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Author(s):
Furlan, Claudia Maria [1] ; Anselmo-Moreira, Fernanda [1] ; Teixeira-Costa, Luiza [1] ; Ceccantini, Gregorio [1] ; Salminen, Juha-Pekka [2]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biosci, Dept Bot, Rua Matao 277, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Turku, Dept Chem, Nat Chem Res Grp, FI-20014 Turku - Finland
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry; v. 136, p. 222-229, MAR 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the reciprocal effects of Phoradendron perrottetii (mistletoe) and T. guianensis (host plant) regarding their polyphenol composition. Taking into account that tannins are important molecules in plant defense and their biosynthesis tends to be enhanced when a species is exposed to stress, we address the following questions: (1) Are the tannins found in our model species important in the interaction between host and mistletoe? (2) Does the presence of mistletoe induce changes in the content of tannins and other polyphenols in the host plant? (3) Do we find differences between the tannin sub-groups in the responses of the host plant to mistletoe? (4) Could the observed differences reflect the relative importance of one tannin group over another as chemical defense against the mistletoe? Using a polyphenol and tannin group-specific MRM methods we quantified four different tannin sub-groups together with flavonoid and quinic acid derivatives by ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry together with the oxidative and protein precipitation activities of leaves and branches of Tapirira guianensis and Phoradendron perrottetii. We selected leaves and branches of six non-parasitized trees of T. guianensis. Leaves and branches of nine individuals of T. guianensis parasitized by P. perrottetii were also sampled. For each parasitized tree, we sampled an infested branch and its leaves, as well as a non-infested branch and its leaves. Infested branches were divided into three groups: gall (the host-parasite interface), proximal, and distal region. Both proanthocyanidins and ellagitanins seem to be important for plant-plant parasitism interaction: host infested tissues (gall and surrounding regions) have clearly less tannin contents than healthy tissues. Mistletoe showed high levels of quinic acid derivatives and flavonoids that could be important during hastorium formation and intrusion on host tissues, suggesting a defense mechanism that could promote oxidative stress together with an inhibition of mistletoe seed germination, consequently avoiding secondary infestations. Polyphenol detected in T. guianensis-P. perrottetii interaction could play different role as plant-mistletoe strategies of survival. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/23322-3 - Phenolic compounds, carbohidrates and lipids in the parasitic interaction of Tapirira guianensis (Anacardiaceae)and Phoradendron crassifolium (Santalaceae)
Grantee:Fernanda Anselmo Moreira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 15/25715-8 - Tannins: chemical characterization and ecological importance
Grantee:Cláudia Maria Furlan
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research