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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The South Atlantic Subtropical Anticyclone: Present and Future Climate

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Author(s):
Reboita, Michelle Simoes [1] ; Ambrizzi, Tercio [2] ; Silva, Bruna Andrelina [1] ; Pinheiro, Raniele Fatima [1] ; da Rocha, Rosmeri Porfirio [2]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Itajuba, Inst Recursos Nat, Itajubu - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Atmosfer, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Frontiers in Earth Science; v. 7, FEB 26 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

The South Atlantic Subtropical Anticyclone (SASA) is the main feature of the atmospheric circulation over the South Atlantic Ocean, and its study is of great importance to explain many characteristics of the Brazilian weather and climate. Therefore, this study aims to present (1) a review of the literature on SASA including the drivers of the semi-permanent anticyclones and (2) the main features of the SASA in the future climate obtained through the projections of three global climate models (HadGEM2-ES, GFDL-ESM2M, and MPI-ESM-MR), from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5), using the Representative Concentration Pathway 8.5 (RCP8.5) scenario. SASA is zonally wider in winter and retracted to the east in summer, when it presents a more circular format. These features of the SASA in the present climate (1979-2005) are well represented by the three global climate models, which also project this same SASA seasonal pattern for the future climate (2065-2095). Considering the projections, they indicate a slightly poleward expansion of the SASA, which is associated with the widening of the Hadley cell. At the SASA core, the pressure can be similar or slightly more intense than the present climate. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50848-9 - INCT 2014: INCT for Climate Change
Grantee:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants