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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Bacteria-Killing Type IV Secretion Systems

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Author(s):
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Sgro, German G. [1] ; Oka, Gabriel U. [1] ; Souza, Diorge P. [1, 2] ; Cenens, William [1] ; Bayer-Santos, Ethel [1, 3] ; Matsuyama, Bruno Y. [1] ; Bueno, Natalia F. [1] ; dos Santos, Thiago Rodrigo [1] ; Alvarez-Martinez, Cristina E. [4] ; Salinas, Roberto K. [1] ; Farah, Chuck S. [1]
Total Authors: 11
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, Dept Bioquim, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] UCL, MRC Lab Mol Cell Biol, London - England
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Microbiol, Inst Ciencias Biomed, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Dept Genet Evolucao Microbiol & Imunol, Inst Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Review article
Source: FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY; v. 10, MAY 21 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Bacteria have been constantly competing for nutrients and space for billions of years. During this time, they have evolved many different molecular mechanisms by which to secrete proteinaceous effectors in order to manipulate and often kill rival bacterial and eukaryotic cells. These processes often employ large multimeric transmembrane nanomachines that have been classified as types I-IX secretion systems. One of the most evolutionarily versatile are the Type IV secretion systems (T4SSs), which have been shown to be able to secrete macromolecules directly into both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. Until recently, examples of T4SS-mediated macromolecule transfer from one bacterium to another was restricted to protein-DNA complexes during bacterial conjugation. This view changed when it was shown by our group that many Xanthomonas species carry a T4SS that is specialized to transfer toxic bacterial effectors into rival bacterial cells, resulting in cell death. This review will focus on this special subtype of T4SS by describing its distinguishing features, similar systems in other proteobacterial genomes, and the nature of the effectors secreted by these systems and their cognate inhibitors. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/01852-4 - Functional Studies on Xanthomonas citri Type VI Secretion System and Gene Regulation by Alternative Sigma Factors
Grantee:Cristina Elisa Alvarez Martinez
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/17303-7 - Structure and function of bacterial secretion systems
Grantee:Shaker Chuck Farah
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/02178-2 - Function of type VI secretion systems of pathogenic bacteria in the interaction with eukaryotic cells
Grantee:Ethel Bayer Santos
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants