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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Unravelling the gender productivity gap in science: a meta-analytical review

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Author(s):
Astegiano, Julia [1, 2] ; Sebastian-Gonzalez, Esther [1, 3] ; Castanho, Camila de Toledo [1, 4]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, Rua Matao 321, Trav14, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Nacl Cordoba, Inst Multidisciplinario Biol Vegetal IMBIV, Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Grp Interacc Ecolo & Conservac, Fac Ciencias Exact, CC 495, X5000ZAA, Cordoba - Argentina
[3] Univ Miguel Hernandez, Dept Biol Aplicada, Avda Univ S-N, Elche 03202 - Spain
[4] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Ciencias Ambientais, Rua Sao Nicolau 210, BR-09913030 Diadema - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Review article
Source: ROYAL SOCIETY OPEN SCIENCE; v. 6, n. 6 JUN 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Women underrepresentation in science has frequently been associated with women being less productive than men (i.e. the gender productivity gap), which may be explained by women having lower success rates, producing science of lower impact and/or suffering gender bias. By performing global meta-analyses, we show that there is a gender productivity gap mostly supported by a larger scientific production ascribed to men. However, women and men show similar success rates when the researchers' work is directly evaluated (i.e. publiShing articles). Men's success rate is higher only in productivity proxies involving peer recognition (e.g. evaluation committees, academic positions). Men's articles showed a tendency to have higher global impact but only if studies include self-citations. We detected gender bias against women in research fields where women are underrepresented (i.e. those different from Psychology). Historical numerical unbalance, socio-psychological aspects and cultural factors may influence differences in success rate, science impact and gender bias. Thus, the maintenance of a women-unfriendly academic and non-academic environment may perpetuate the gender productivity gap. New policies to build a more egalitarian and heterogeneous scientific community and society are needed to close the gender gap in science. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/04941-1 - Robustness of plant-pollinator networks and fragmented landscapes: the role of plant breeding system and dispersal strategy on plant species persistence
Grantee:Julia Astegiano
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 13/02819-7 - Biological traits and patterns of interaction in a seed dispersal network: inferring the consequences of defaunation
Grantee:Esther Sebastián González
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 11/09951-2 - Plant-pollinator networks robustness to habitat loss: the influence of plant reproductive systems
Grantee:Julia Astegiano
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/09794-7 - Facilitation or competition? A meta-analysis of the factors determining plant interactions in coastal sand dunes
Grantee:Camila de Toledo Castanho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/17968-2 - Structure and geographical variability in mutualistic networks of plants and their frugivorous birds
Grantee:Esther Sebastián González
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate