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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Titanium with nanotopography induces osteoblast differentiation through regulation of integrin alpha V

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Author(s):
Lopes, Helena Bacha [1] ; Freitas, Gileade Pereira [1] ; Carvalho Fantacini, Daianne Maciely [2] ; Picanco-Castro, Virginia [2] ; Covas, Dimas Tadeu [2] ; Rosa, Adalberto Luiz [1] ; Beloti, Marcio Mateus [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Dent Ribeirao Preto, Bone Res Lab, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Reg Blood Ctr Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry; v. 120, n. 10, p. 16723-16732, OCT 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Topographical modifications of titanium (Ti) at the nanoscale level generate surfaces that regulate several signaling pathways and cellular functions, which may affect the process of osseointegration. Here, we investigated the participation of integrin alpha V in the osteogenic capacity of Ti with nanotopography. Machined titanium discs (untreated) were submitted to treatment with H2SO4/H2O2 to produce the nanotopography (nanostructured). First, the greater osteogenic capacity of the nanotopography that increased osteoblast differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells compared with untreated topography was shown. Also, the nanostructured surface increased (regulation >= 1.9-fold) the gene expression of 6 integrins from a custom array plate utilized to evaluate the gene expression of 84 genes correlated with cell adhesion signaling pathway, including integrin alpha V, which is involved in osteoblast differentiation. By silencing integrin alpha V in MC3T3-E1 cells cultured on nanotopography, the impairment of osteoblast differentiation induced by this surface was observed. In conclusion, it was shown that nanotopography regulates the expression of several components of the cell adhesion signaling pathway and its higher osteogenic potential is, at least in part, due to its ability to upregulate the expression of integrin alpha V. Together with previous data that showed the participation of integrins alpha 1, beta 1, and beta 3 in the nanotopography osseoinduction activity, we have uncovered the pivotal role of this family of membrane receptors in the osteogenic potential of this surface. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/08443-1 - Role of integrins on the osteoblast differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells induced by titanium surfaces with micro and nanotopography
Grantee:Helena Bacha Lopes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/05181-3 - Role of integrins on the osteoblast differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells induced by titanium surfaces with micro and nanotopography
Grantee:Márcio Mateus Beloti
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/21116-5 - Use of CRISPR-Cas9 to Investigate the Role of Integrins on Osteoblast Differentiation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Induced by Titanium Surfaces
Grantee:Helena Bacha Lopes
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate