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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A power law study of the edge influence on the perceived filling-in brightness magnitude

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Author(s):
Costa, Marcelo Fernandes [1, 2] ; Gaddi, Carlo Martins [2]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Psicol, Dept Psicol Expt, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Nucleo Neurociencias & Comportamento & Neurocienc, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: PSICOLOGIA-REFLEXAO E CRITICA; v. 32, n. 1 SEP 18 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Background Edge plays a special role in spatial perception and as well as in determining the brightness of a surface within borders. The aim of our study was to measure threshold brightness in different levels of edges thickness. Methods Steven's power law for circles modulating in luminance was estimated for 30 subjects (mean age 24 years, SD 3.3, 13 female). Stimuli were presented on the iMac display using the 11-bit graphic board and consisted of two circles of 3 degrees of visual angle, separated by 10 degrees. We tested 7 levels of Michelson contrast: 7, 8, 10, 15, 26, 50, and 100. Three edges filtering were tested (0.3, 0.8, and 1.5 degrees of smoothing). The subjects' task was to judge the brightness of the edge filtered circle compared with the circle of the hard edge which was considered the modulus and received an arbitrary level of 50, representing the amount of brightness perception. In each trial, the same contrast level was presented in both circles. Five judgments were performed for each contrast level in edge filtering. Results We found an increase in the power law exponent as the increase of the edge filtering (for sigma of 0.3 = 0.43, sigma of 0.8 = 0.73, and sigma 1.5 = 0.97). All power function fitting had high correlation coefficients (r(2) = .94, r(2) = .95, r(2) = .97, respectively to sigma 0.3, 0.8, and 1.5) passing to the model's adhesion criteria. Conclusions There was a progressive distortion on the figure brightness perception as increasing the edge filtering suggesting the control of edges on the polarity of the overall brightness. Also, perceived brightness was increasingly veridical with increased filtering, approaching 1:1 correspondence at 1.5 sigmas. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/04049-4 - Sensorial functions involved in the visual judgment by psychophysical scaling
Grantee:Marcelo Fernandes da Costa
Support type: Regular Research Grants