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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Assessment of chemical and mechanical behavior of bamboo pulp and nanofibrillated cellulose exposed to alkaline environments

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Author(s):
Correia, Viviane da Costa [1] ; Ardanuy, Monica [2] ; Claramunt, Josep [3] ; Savastano Jr, Holmer
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biosyst Engn, Res Nucleus Mat Biosyst, Pirassununga, SP - Brazil
[2] UPC, Dept Mat Sci & Met, Barcelona - Spain
[3] UPC, Dept Agrifood Engn & Biotechnol, Barcelona - Spain
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Cellulose; v. 26, n. 17, p. 9269-9285, NOV 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

This study was performed to study the effects of the cement paste composition (calcium aluminate cement-CAC and a geopolymer in comparison to Portland cement-OPC) on bamboo pulp and nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC). The changes in the composition and chemical structure of the fibers were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The changes in the mechanical strength were evaluated through tensile tests on the fibers after immersion on the cement pastes, in the form of sheets. The XPS results showed that the immersion of the pulp and NFC in the different pastes (CAC, geopolymer and OPC) modified the chemical surface of these fibers: it was found removal of lignin and extractives and some degradation of hemicellulose and cellulose. The FTIR analysis indicated modifications in the hydrogen bonds energy. The tensile strength of pulp sheets decreased in 70% and 34% after immersion in OPC and geopolymer, respectively. The tensile strength of the NFC sheets decreased 36%, 68% and 54% after immersion in OPC, CAC and geopolymer, respectively. Thus, the response of the bamboo pulp and NFC immersed in different cement pastes was different due the inherent characteristics of such fibers, and not only the Portland cement should be considered as harmful to lignocellulosic fibers. Although CAC and geopolymer are free of calcium hydroxide, the high alkalinity of these pastes also accelerated the degradation process of lignocellulosic fibers. {[}GRAPHICS] . (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/21079-0 - Obtaining of nanofibrillated cellulose from bamboo and its potential as reinforcement for fragile matrices
Grantee:Viviane da Costa Correia
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/00519-0 - Performance and durability of hybrid cement-based composites reinforced with vegetable fibers at micro and nanometric scales
Grantee:Viviane da Costa Correia
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor