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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Timing of high-intensity intermittent exercise affects ad libitum energy intake in overweight inactive men

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Author(s):
Goncalves Panissa, Valeria Leme [1] ; Julio, Ursula Ferreira [1] ; St-Pierre, David H. [2, 3] ; da Silva Gomes, Alicia Tavares [4] ; Caldeira, Renan Santos [5] ; Lira, Fabio Santos [5] ; Takito, Monica Yuri [1] ; Franchini, Emerson [1]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport, Av Prof Mello Morais 65, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] CHU St Justine, Ctr Rech, Montreal, PQ - Canada
[3] Univ Quebec Montreal, Dept Exercise Sci, Montreal, PQ - Canada
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Publ Hlth, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Phys Educ, Exercise & Immunometab Res Grp, Postgrad Program Movement Sci, UNESP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: APPETITE; v. 143, DEC 1 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

The present study sought to clarify the impact of exercise intensity and timing on energy intake and appetite-related blood variables. Fourteen inactive overweight men were included in the study. Firstly, maximal aerobic power (MAP) was measured. Then, participants randomly performed 5 experimental sessions consisting of 30 min of steady-state exercise (SSE) at 50% of MAP, high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) with 30s repetitions at MAP and 30s of passive recovery or no exercise (CTRL). Sessions were performed 1h (SSE1h and HIIE1h) or 2.5h (SSE2.5h and HIIE2.5h) after the consumption of a standardized breakfast. An ad libitum buffet was offered 3.5h after the completion of the breakfast. Absolute energy intake (EI) and relative energy intake (REI) (relative energy intake = energy intake - energy expenditure from exercise) were measured. Appetite (hunger, fullness and desire for specific foods) scores and circulating concentration of insulin and IL-6 were determined at 1h, 1.75h, 2.5h and 3.25h after breakfast while lactate was measured post-exercise. EI was greater after the CTRL session compared to HIIE2.5h (5045.9 +/- 1873.5 kJ vs. 3716.1 +/- 1688.7 kJ). REI was greater for the CTRL session (5045.9 +/- 1873.5 kJ) than HIIE1h (3386.5 +/- 1660.1 kJ), HIIE2.5h (2508.5 +/- 1709.3 kJ) and SSE2.5h (3426.6 +/- 1788.0 kJ). Higher hunger scores were observed following the CRTL session with respect to those of HIIE2.5h. Insulin and IL-6 concentrations were greater after HIIE2.5h and SSE2.5h with respect to those obtained after HIIE2.5h, SSE(2.5h )and CTRL. Lactate concentrations were higher in HIIE1h and HIIE2.5h compared to those of SSE1h and SSE2.5h. These results show that HIIE performed 2.5h after a breakfast reduced appetite (hunger scores) and EI through mechanism that need to be characterized. This approach can be applied to individuals aiming to create an energetic deficit. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/07304-6 - Is the oxygen uptake measurement enough to estimate the energy expenditure during high-intensity intermittent exercise?
Grantee:Valéria Leme Gonçalves Panissa
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 17/19280-4 - The use of information technology for health promotion during pregnancy
Grantee:Monica Yuri Takito
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research
FAPESP's process: 17/08167-2 - Pacing in judo
Grantee:Emerson Franchini
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research
FAPESP's process: 15/11302-3 - Effect of intensity and time of exercise on appetite in overweight men
Grantee:Valéria Leme Gonçalves Panissa
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate