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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effect of synthesis medium on structural and photocatalytic properties of ZnO/carbon xerogel composites for solar and visible light degradation of 4-chlorophenol and bisphenol A

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de Moraes, Nicolas Perciani [1] ; Valim, Ricardo Bertholo [1] ; Rocha, Robson da Silva [1] ; Caetano Pinto Silva, Maria Lucia [1] ; Bastos Campos, Tiago Moreira [2] ; Thim, Gilmar Patrocinio [2] ; Rodrigues, Liana Alvares [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, EEL, Estr Municipal Campinho S-N, BR-12602810 Lorena, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Tecnol Aeronaut ITA CTA, Praca Mal Eduardo Gomes 50, BR-12228900 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 6

The effect of synthesis medium (ethanol and water) on ZnO/Carbon xerogel photocatalysts was studied in order to increase the efficiency of the photocatalytic degradation of 4-chlorophenol and bisphenol A. The use of carbon xerogel is justified due to its excellent electrical conductivity, high surface area and porosity. The effect of the carbon content in the composites was also evaluated. The composites were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, dispersive energy spectrometry, X-ray diffractometry, infrared spectroscopy, nitrogen isotherms, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. All materials present the hexagonal crystalline structure of zinc oxide. Materials without carbon in their composition also presented the zinc hydroxychloride monohydrate phase. X-ray diffractograms and bandgap values obtained confirm the incorporation of carbon in the crystalline structure of zinc oxide. Materials produced in ethanol medium have lower values of crystallite and particle size, as well as higher graphite contents in their composition and higher specific surface area. All materials displayed photocatalytic activity when subjected to visible and solar radiation. Materials produced in ethanol displayed superior performance when compared to those synthesized in aqueous medium. The maximum values found for the degradation of 4-chlorophenol and bisphenol A were 88% and 78%, respectively, after 5 h. The mechanism of photocatalysis is strongly influenced by the generation of hydroxyl radicals and the materials were stable for three cycles of reuse. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy confirms that the charge separation efficiency was optimized in the presence of the carbon xerogel and when the composite was produced in ethanol medium. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/02762-5 - Development of technologies to prevent pollution: degradation and monitoring online of antibiotics in sewage
Grantee:Robson da Silva Rocha
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/10492-1 - Photocatalytic evaluation of heterojunctions semiconductor/ZnO/carbon xerogel in the photodegradation of 4-chlorophenol in both fluidized bed and batch reactors
Grantee:Liana Alvares Rodrigues
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/10118-0 - Study and application of electrochemical technology for the analysis and degradation of endocrine interferents: materials, sensors, processes and scientific dissemination
Grantee:Marcos Roberto de Vasconcelos Lanza
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/12035-7 - Mechanical and antimicrobial properties of Ag/PMMA nanocomposite
Grantee:Gilmar Patrocínio Thim
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/16360-0 - Development of ZnO/Bi2O3/Carbon xerogel ternary composites as photocatalysts for the degradation of persistent organic pollutants
Grantee:Nicolas Perciani de Moraes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/20920-5 - Heterogeneous photocatalysis applied in the degradation of organic pollutants using a hybrid zinc oxide-carbon xerogel as catalyst
Grantee:Nicolas Perciani de Moraes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master