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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

An overview of the potential impacts of atrazine in aquatic environments: Perspectives for tailored solutions based on nanotechnology

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de Albuquerque, Felicia Pereira [1] ; de Oliveira, Jhones Luiz [1] ; Moschini-Carlos, Viviane [1] ; Fraceto, Leonardo Fernandes [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Sci & Technol Sorocaba, Ave Tres de Marco 511, BR-18087180 Alto Da Boa Vista, Sorocaba - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Review article
Source: Science of The Total Environment; v. 700, JAN 15 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Atrazine is a pre- and post-emergence herbicide used to control weeds in many crops. It was introduced in the late 1950s, but its use has been controversial because of its high potential for environmental contamination. In agriculture, the implementation of sustainable practices can help in reducing the adverse effects atrazine. This review addresses aspects related to the impacts of atrazine in the environment, with focus on its effects on aquatic species, as well as the potential use of nanoencapsulation to decrease the impacts of atrazine. The application of atrazine leads to its dispersal beyond the immediate area, with possible contamination of soils, sediments, plantations, pastures, public supply reservoirs, groundwater, streams, lakes, rivers, seas, and even glaciers. In aquatic ecosystems, atrazine can alter the biota, consequently interfering in the food chains of many species, including benthic organisms. Nanoformulations loaded with atrazine have been developed as a way to reduce the adverse impacts of this herbicide in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Ecotoxicological bioassays have shown that this nanoformulations can improve the targeted delivery of the active ingredient, resulting in decreased dosages to obtain the same effects as conventional formulations. However, more detailed analyses of the ecotoxicological potential of atrazine-based nanoherbicides need to be performed with representative species of different ecosystems. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/21142-1 - Encapsulation of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bacillales: Bacillaceae) in polymeric microparticles and association with nanoencapsulated chemical agent: evaluation of biological activity and mechanisms of action
Grantee:Jhones Luiz de Oliveira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/21004-5 - Agriculture, micro/nanotechnology and environment: from evaluation of the mechanisms of action to studies of transport and toxicity
Grantee:Leonardo Fernandes Fraceto
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants