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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Adipose Tissue Quality in Aging: How Structural and Functional Aspects of Adipose Tissue Impact Skeletal Muscle Quality

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De Carvalho, Flavia G. [1, 2] ; Justice, Jamie N. [3] ; de Freitas, Ellen C. [1] ; Kershaw, Erin E. [4] ; Sparks, Lauren M. [2]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport Ribeirao Preto, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14040907 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Advent Hlth, Translat Res Inst, 301 East Princeton St, Orlando, FL 32804 - USA
[3] Wake Forest Sch Med, Internal Med Sect Gerontol & Geriatr Med, 1 Med Ctr Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157 - USA
[4] Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Med, Div Endocrinol & Metab, 930 Scaife Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 - USA
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Review article
Source: NUTRIENTS; v. 11, n. 11 NOV 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The interplay between adipose tissue and skeletal muscle and the impact on mobility and aging remain enigmatic. The progressive decline in mobility promoted by aging has been previously attributed to the loss of skeletal mass and function and more recently linked to changes in body fat composition and quantity. Regardless of body size, visceral and intermuscular adipose depots increase with aging and are associated with adverse health outcomes. However, the quality of adipose tissue, in particular abdominal subcutaneous as it is the largest depot, likely plays a significant role in aging outcomes, such as mobility decline, though its communication with other tissues such as skeletal muscle. In this review, we discuss the age-associated development of a pro-inflammatory profile, cellular senescence, and metabolic inflexibility in abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue. Collectively, these facets of adipose tissue quality influence its secretory profile and crosstalk with skeletal muscle and likely contribute to the development of muscle atrophy and disability. Therefore, the identification of the key structural and functional components of adipose tissue quality-including necrosis, senescence, inflammation, self-renewal, metabolic flexibility-and adipose tissue-secreted proteins that influence mobility via direct effects on skeletal muscle are necessary to prevent morbidity/mortality in the aging population. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/08036-5 - Effects of taurine supplementation associated or not to exercise on mitochondrial function, energy expenditure and inflammatory profile in obese women
Grantee:Flávia Giolo de Carvalho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/17711-0 - Epigenomic regulation of fat patterning in women (apple vs. pear)
Grantee:Flávia Giolo de Carvalho
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor