[1, 2, 3]
Seidel Coscarella, L.
Hiromo Hotta, T.
De Luca Canto, G.
Correa de Mello, E.
Napolitano Goncalves, L. M.
Hallak Regalo, S. C.
Total Authors: 9
 Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Sch Dent, Sao Paulo - Brazil
 Natl Inst & Technol Translat Med INCTTM, Sao Paulo - Brazil
 Anhanguera Fac, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
 Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
ARCHIVES ITALIENNES DE BIOLOGIE;
Web of Science Citations:
The objective of the present study was to ascertain masticatory efficiency by evaluating electromyographic activity in the masseter and temporalis muscles in subjects with sleep bruxism of varying severity, as determined by BiteStrip. Thirty-four subjects with sleep bruxism were divided into two groups: a mild sleep bruxism group with a mean (+/- standard deviation) age of 31.3 +/- 6.2 years (n = 15) and a severe sleep bruxism group with a mean age of 29.8 +/- 7.1 years (n = 19). Full-night polysomnography (PSG) was performed in eligible subjects. The linear envelope integral was used to determine masticatory efficiency on the basis of the electromyographic signal of the masseler and temporalis muscles during habitual and non-habitual chewing. There was significantly higher (p < .05) electromyographic activity in the severe bruxism group than in the mild bruxism group during both peanut chewing in the right (p = .03) and left (p = .03) temporalis muscles and raisin chewing in the right (p = .01) and left (p = .05) temporalis muscles. Furthermore, Parafilm M chewing showed similar results in the right (p = .008) and left (p = .02) temporalis muscles. These results suggested that subjects with severe sleep bruxism had lower masticatory efficiency. (AU)