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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Stretchable Sensors for Nanomolar Glucose Detection

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Imamura, Amanda [1, 2] ; Zakashansky, Julia [2] ; Cho, Kenny [2] ; Lin, Lancy [2] ; Carrilho, Emanuel [1] ; Khine, Michelle [2]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, BR-13566590 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Calif Irvine, Mat Sci & Engn, Biomed Engn, Irvine, CA 92697 - USA
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 5

Biosensors that detect analytes in sweat face the challenge of maintaining sensitivity upon miniaturization. Various materials and processes have been developed to create nanostructured electrodes with high surface areas to mitigate this issue. The need remains, however, for biocompatible materials that can be scalably integrated into wearable devices. This paper details a gold thin-film electrode fabricated using a thermoplastic shape memory polymer to create hierarchical wrinkled structures via the miniaturization process, followed by transfer onto a soft, stretchable substrate. The final stretchable electrode, which is approximate to 30 times smaller than that of the original, unshrunk electrode, retains its original surface area. Even more remarkably, further enhancement in current density is achieved upon stretching the electrode to 210% of its original length; improved sensitivity remains stable after relaxation of the polymer. Stretching aids diffusion limited reactions, such as the reduction and oxidation of {[}Fe(CN)(6)](3-/4-). The stretchable electrodes sensitively detect glucose without enzymes or additional labels at physiological pH in the range of 1 x 10(-7)-1 x 10(-4) m with a calculated limit of detection of 2.22 x 10(-8) m, among the lowest reported for a flexible, enzyme-free sensor. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/19749-5 - Application of thermal-induced shrink electrodes for cortisol detection in wearable devices
Grantee:Amanda Hikari Imamura
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate (Direct)