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Development of new extended gate field effect transistor (EGFET) bio sensors using vanadium and titanium oxide and nanotubes for pH, urea and glucose determination: preparation, study and characterization

Grant number: 07/03100-5
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2007
Effective date (End): August 31, 2008
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Physics
Principal Investigator:Marcelo Mulato
Grantee:Elidia Maria Guerra
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto (FFCLRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Biosensors are indispensable tools in medical area because of their several applications. Each application requires a specific sensor. Biological flows are made of a great diversity of matter, that must be explored, and that leads to the development of new kinds of biosensors bringing significant advances in relation of selectivity, simpleness of operation, reduction of the detection limit, analysis in real time, reproducibility, etc. The ISFET (Ion Sensitive Field Effect Transistor) was the first semiconductor-based low-dimension chemical sensor. In comparison to other kinds of biosensors, it presents well known advantages as: miniaturization, high sensibility, low cost and multi-detection. An alternative to building an ISFET is the so called EGFET (Extended Gate Field Effect Transistor). The EGFET, working as a pH sensor, contains a membrane deposited on a substrate. This membrane is responsible for the detection of ions and it is connected to a commercial MOSFET. Fot its use as a biosensor, the surface of the membrane of the EGFET is modified with the addition of enzymes. However, for a perfect immobilization of these enzymes, a material that posses a surface that permits the entrapment of those specimens is necessary. Thus, the possibility of the use of oxides or nanotubes, as for example vanadium or titanium oxides, via sol-gel, as well as their nanotubes, might be very attractive due to their capacity of enzymes immobilization. Therefore, in this project the use of inorganic oxides, for example xerogel of titanium and vanadium oxide, as well as their nanotubes, will be explored as a tool for the development of new materials and new morphological conceptions, aiming for their final application as a biosensor. Tests will be performed as a function of pH, urea, and glucose. (AU)

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