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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Modelling the trash blanket effect on sugarcane growth and water use

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Author(s):
Vianna, Murilo dos Santos [1] ; Pinto Nassif, Daniel Silveira [2] ; Carvalho, Kassio dos Santos [3] ; Marin, Fabio Ricardo [4]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Leeds, Sch Earth & Environm, Leeds LS2 9JT, W Yorkshire - England
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Ctr Nat Sci, Buri, SP - Brazil
[3] Fed Inst Mato Grosso, Dept Agr Engn, Sorriso, MS - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: COMPUTERS AND ELECTRONICS IN AGRICULTURE; v. 172, MAY 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

The traditional practice of burning at the pre-harvesting of sugarcane has being phased-out in Brazil, resulting in the maintenance of a crop s residue layer on soil surface, namely the Green Cane Trash Blanket (GCTB). New technologies for electricity and second-generation ethanol (2G) production from crop residues have raised the question on what would be the optimum amount of crop residue left on the field to keep the agronomic and environmental benefits of GCTB. To support informed decision making on sugarcane trash management, we updated, evaluated and applied a new version of the SAMUCA model to simulate the sugarcane growth and water use under the GCTB effect. The updated model was calibrated and parameterized for bare soil and GCTB conditions and evaluated across different Brazilian regions. Thirty-year simulations were then conducted with the updated model to quantify the effects of GCTB on sugarcane growth and water use where sugarcane is traditionally grown in Brazil. The updated version of SAMUCA model showed equal or superior performance when compared with widely-used process-based models for sugarcane. Based on our 30-year simulations, the GCTB exhibited a high probability to promote a beneficial effect on sugarcane yields in dry climates ( > 90%), with the potential for increasing, on average, 14 ton ha(-1) of fresh cane yield in Petrolina, Brazil. Although the beneficial effect on yields were not significant in humid regions, the maintenance of 12 ton ha(-1) of GCTB was associated with a high probability (>87%) in reducing the water use of sugarcane cropping system by 89 mm, on average, potentially reducing irrigation demand in the early stages of crop development while protecting crop production under dry spell events. The new version of SAMUCA model offers as a tool for decision making on mulch management in sugarcane plantations. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/20925-0 - Brazilian yield-gap atlas: assessing the potential for sustainable intensification of Brazilian agriculture
Grantee:Fabio Ricardo Marin
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/50445-0 - Brazilian yield-gap atlas: assessing the potential for sustainable intensification of Brazilian agriculture
Grantee:Fabio Ricardo Marin
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/05887-6 - Development, enhancement, calibration and evaluation of a process-based model for Brazilian sugarcane
Grantee:Murilo dos Santos Vianna
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/16214-5 - Improving the simulation of the sugarcane crop based on a combined agro-hydrological model
Grantee:Murilo dos Santos Vianna
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate