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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Mitochondrial Respiratory Inhibition Promoted by Pyraclostrobin in Fungi is Also Observed in Honey Bees

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Author(s):
Nicodemo, Daniel [1] ; Mingatto, Fabio Erminio [1] ; De Jong, David [2] ; Veiga Bizerra, Paulo Francisco [1] ; Tavares, Marco Aurelio [1] ; Bellini, William Cesar [1] ; Vicente, Eduardo Festozo [3] ; de Carvalho, Amanda [1]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp, Dept Anim Sci, Coll Agr & Technol Sci, Dracena, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Genet, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp, Sch Sci & Engn, Dept Biosyst Engn, Tupa, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry; v. 39, n. 6, p. 1267-1272, MAY 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

There is no use restriction associated with bees for many fungicides used in agriculture; however, this does not always mean that these pesticides are harmless for these nontarget organisms. We investigated whether the fungicide pyraclostrobin, which acts on fungal mitochondria, also negatively affects honey bee mitochondrial bioenergetics. Honey bees were collected from 5 hives and anesthetized at 4 degrees C. The thoraces were separated, and mitochondria were isolated by grinding, filtering, and differential centrifugation. An aliquot of 0.5 mg of mitochondrial proteins was added to 0.5 mL of a standard reaction medium with 4 mM succinate (complex II substrate) plus 50 nM rotenone (complex I inhibitor), and mitochondrial respiration was measured at 30 degrees C using a Clark-type oxygen electrode. Mitochondrial membrane potential was determined spectrofluorimetrically using safranin O as a probe, and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesis was determined by chemiluminescence. Pyraclostrobin at 0 to 50 mu M was tested on the mitochondrial preparations, with 3 repetitions. Pyraclostrobin inhibited mitochondrial respiration in a dose-dependent manner at concentrations of 10 mu M and above, demonstrating typical inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation. Pyraclostrobin also promoted a decline in the mitochondrial membrane potential at doses of 5 mu M and above and in ATP synthesis at 15 mu M and above. We conclude that pyraclostrobin interferes with honey bee mitochondrial function, which is especially critical for the energy-demanding flight activity of foraging bees. Environ Toxicol Chem 2020;39:1267-1272. (c) 2020 SETAC (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/00446-7 - Application of antimicrobial peptides as new additives in animal nutrition
Grantee:Eduardo Festozo Vicente
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/21818-0 - Floral biology and insect attractiveness in watermelon plants treated with pyraclostrobin and its effect on mitochondrial bioenergetics of honeybees
Grantee:William Cesar Bellini
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation