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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A New Mechanism for Maunder-like Solar Minima: Phase Synchronization Dynamics in a Simple Nonlinear Oscillator of Magnetohydrodynamic Rossby Waves

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Raphaldini, Breno [1] ; Medeiros, Everton [2] ; Raupp, Carlos F. M. [1] ; Teruya, Andre Seiji [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Astrophysical Journal Letters; v. 890, n. 1 FEB 10 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The long-term solar cycle variability and Grand solar minima remain open questions from a theoretical point of view. Recently, a growing basis of evidence points out to the role of the magnetic Rossby waves in the solar cycle. Here we present a simple deterministic model, based on a low-order spectral representation of the barotropic quasigeostrophic-magnetohydrodynamic equations for the Solar tachocline. This model supports the idea of the long-term behavior of the solar activity as a result of nonlinear interaction of magnetic Rossby modes. Solutions show that Rossby waves undergo irregular switches between periods of high activity and periods of suppressed activity, resembling the Maunder minimum. Low-energy states in the model are associated with the synchronization of the dynamical phases of the waves. These irregular transitions in the amplitudes of the waves are reminiscent of the observed time series of the solar activity. This suggests that Maunder-like states arise from chaotic transitions between regimes with different degrees of organization in the system. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/03211-6 - Non linear dynamics
Grantee:Iberê Luiz Caldas
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/50686-1 - Paleo-constraints on monsoon evolution and dynamics
Grantee:Pedro Leite da Silva Dias
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/23417-5 - Paleoclimatic variability of South Atlantic Convergence Zone and processes in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans: Last Glacial, Middle Holocene and Last Millennium
Grantee:Breno Raphaldini Ferreira da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate