Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Mouthguard use and TMJ injury prevention with different occlusions: A three-dimensional finite element analysis

Full text
Author(s):
Tribst, Joao Paulo Mendes [1, 2, 3] ; Dal Piva, Amanda Maria de Oliveira [1, 2, 3, 4] ; Bottino, Marco Antonio [3, 4] ; Kleverlaan, Cornelis Johannes [1, 2] ; Koolstra, Jan Harm [1, 5]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Amsterdam - Netherlands
[2] Univ Amsterdam, Acad Ctr Dent Amsterdam ACTA, Dept Dent Mat Sci, Amsterdam - Netherlands
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp SJC, Dept Dent Mat & Prosthodont, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Koolstra, Jan Harm, Univ Amsterdam, Acad Ctr Dent Amsterdam ACTA, Dept Oral Cell Biol \& Funct Anat, Amsterdam, Netherlands.Tribst, Joao Paulo Mendes, Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp SJC, Dept Dent Mat & Prosthodont, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Amsterdam, Acad Ctr Dent Amsterdam ACTA, Dept Oral Cell Biol & Funct Anat, Amsterdam - Netherlands
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: DENTAL TRAUMATOLOGY; v. 36, n. 6 JUN 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Background/Aims There is a lack of data regarding the mechanical responses of the temporo-mandibular joints during an impact to the orofacial region. The aim of this study was to analyze the biomechanical effects of wearing a mouthguard (MG) on the impact response of the mandibular condyle and articular disk according to the type of occlusion. The hypothesis was that the MG would minimize the effect in those structures, regardless of the occlusion type. Methods Using modeling software, a human skull with jaw, teeth and articular disk was created. The models were divided according to the occlusion type (Class I, II, or III) and the presence of a mouthguard (with or without). The geometries were exported to analysis software, and the materials were considered ideal. Fixation occurred at the base of the foramen magnum. The load (0-500N, 1s) was applied to the upper central incisors with a steel ball. Maximum principal stress and Von Mises results (MPa) were obtained in the mandibular condyle and articular disk. Minimum principal stress and maximum shear stresses were also recorded in the articular disk. Results For both structures, the MG caused a decrease in stress concentration regardless of the occlusion and stress criteria. The condyle neck was the most tensile-stressed area while for the articular disk, both the superior and inferior surfaces were the most stressed areas. The highest stress peaks in the disk were found for compression followed by tensile and then shear stress. Conclusion This biomechanical analysis of the effects of using a mouthguard exhibited considerably decreased stresses on the mandibular condyle and articular disk, regardless of the occlusion type. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/07404-3 - Influence of surface treatments before staining on the wear resistance of a hybrid ceramic
Grantee:João Paulo Mendes Tribst
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/03984-5 - The effect of wear on the shade characterization of different monolithic ceramics
Grantee:Amanda Maria de Oliveira Dal Piva
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate