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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Sorafenib as an Inhibitor of RUVBL2

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Author(s):
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Nano, Nardin [1] ; Ugwu, Francisca [1, 2] ; Seraphim, V, Thiago ; Li, Tangzhi [3, 4] ; Azer, Gina [3, 4] ; Isaac, Methvin [5] ; Prakesch, Michael [5] ; Barbosa, Leandro R. S. [6] ; Ramos, I, Carlos H. ; Datti, Alessandro [7] ; Houry, Walid A. [8, 3, 4]
Total Authors: 11
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Toronto, Dept Biochem, Toronto, ON M5G 1M1 - Canada
[2] Houry, Walid A., Univ Toronto, Dept Chem, Toronto, ON M5S 3H6, Canada.Nano, Nardin, Univ Toronto, Dept Biochem, Toronto, ON M5G 1M1 - Canada
[3] Seraphim, Thiago, V, Univ Toronto, Dept Biochem, Toronto, ON M5G 1M1 - Canada
[4] Seraphim, Thiago, V, Houry, Walid A., Univ Toronto, Dept Chem, Toronto, ON M5S 3H6, Canada.Nano, Nardin, Univ Toronto, Dept Biochem, Toronto, ON M5G 1M1 - Canada
[5] Ontario Inst Canc Res, Drug Discovery Program, Toronto, ON M5G 0A3 - Canada
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Phys, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[7] Univ Perugia, Dept Agr Food & Environm Sci, I-06121 Perugia - Italy
[8] Univ Toronto, Dept Chem, Toronto, ON M5S 3H6 - Canada
Total Affiliations: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: BIOMOLECULES; v. 10, n. 4 APR 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

RUVBL1 and RUVBL2 are highly conserved ATPases that belong to the AAA + (ATPases Associated with various cellular Activities) superfamily and are involved in various complexes and cellular processes, several of which are closely linked to oncogenesis. The proteins were implicated in DNA damage signaling and repair, chromatin remodeling, telomerase activity, and in modulating the transcriptional activities of proto-oncogenes such as c-Myc and beta-catenin. Moreover, both proteins were found to be overexpressed in several different types of cancers such as breast, lung, kidney, bladder, and leukemia. Given their various roles and strong involvement in carcinogenesis, the RUVBL proteins are considered to be novel targets for the discovery and development of therapeutic cancer drugs. Here, we describe the identification of sorafenib as a novel inhibitor of the ATPase activity of human RUVBL2. Enzyme kinetics and surface plasmon resonance experiments revealed that sorafenib is a weak, mixed non-competitive inhibitor of the protein's ATPase activity. Size exclusion chromatography and small angle X-ray scattering data indicated that the interaction of sorafenib with RUVBL2 does not cause a significant effect on the solution conformation of the protein; however, the data suggested that the effect of sorafenib on RUVBL2 activity is mediated by the insertion domain in the protein. Sorafenib also inhibited the ATPase activity of the RUVBL1/2 complex. Hence, we propose that sorafenib could be further optimized to be a potent inhibitor of the RUVBL proteins. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/05019-0 - The thermodynamical and structural influence of ionic liquids in biomimetic membrane models
Grantee:Natália Fernandes de Oliveira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 15/15822-1 - Physicochemical and structural properties of Ionic Liquids and drugs interacting with biologicaly relevant systems.
Grantee:Leandro Ramos Souza Barbosa
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/50161-8 - Study of the structure and function of the Hsp90 chaperone with emphasis on its role in cellular homeostasis
Grantee:Carlos Henrique Inacio Ramos
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/01953-9 - Proteins under fibrillation process: a structural and spectroscopic study of the influence of denaturating agents
Grantee:Leandro Ramos Souza Barbosa
Support type: Regular Research Grants